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Transcript

Turning Point

1942-43

Stalingrad

The Battle of Stalingrad was the most pivotal battle on the Eastern Front of the war, as well as the bloodiest battle in history. Lasting from July 1942 until February 1943, The Axis Powers attempted to seize the large industrial sector of Stalingrad from the Soviet Union, however after months of fierce fighting, the Soviet Union achieved victory.

The Axis Powers planned to attack the city of Stalingrad in order to strip the Soviets of a large industrial sector, and to secure access to the Caucus oil fields. Additionally, as the city bore the name of Joseph Stalin, the city became a propaganda centerpiece to both sides. By November, the Soviet Army had completely encircled the German Army in the city, and they would be left in a desperate battle. By the end of the battle, 1.2 million soldiers from both sides lay dead, with more injured and captured

The two main combatants at the battle were Germany and the Soviet Union. However, Germany had additional soldiers from Italy, Romania, and Hungary. The Soviet strategy was to lure the Axis army into the city, and then cut off and surround them.

The battle resulted in a Soviet victory, and was a disaster of all manners for the German Army. They suffered huge losses of men, material, morale, and it was a large blow to war support among the public. The victory in Stalingrad gave the Soviet Union massive leverage over the Axis Powers, and they would return to the offensive. By 1943, all of Russia, and most of Ukraine and Belarus would be liberated, and the Third Reich would be collapsing.

D-DAY

1944

NORMANDY

The Normandy landings, codenamed Operation Overlord, was the military operation carried out by the Allies during World War II which culminated in the liberation of Western European territories occupied by Nazi Germany. The operation began on 6th June 1944, better known as D-Day, with the Allied invasion of 50km of the Normandy coast.