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What are the main differences between the Democratic Party and the Republican Party in the United States ?

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The History of American Political Parties

The History of American Political Parties

  • Founded in 1854
  • Context of national division over slavery
  • Emerged as a major political force
Republican Party

I. The Republican Party

  • Fusion of anti-slavery movements in the northern United StatesOpposition to slavery expansion into new territoriesAbraham Lincoln, first Republican president
Origins and Anti-Slavery Struggle
Republican Party

I. The Republican Party

  • Evolution towards more conservative political positionsRonald Reagan's electoral victory in 1980Free-market policies and reduction of state role
Conservatism
Republican Party

I. The Republican Party

  • Founded in 1828Dominant political force in southern statesRepresentation of slaveowners' interests
Democratic Party

II. The Democratic Party

The Civil War and Abolition of Slavery
  • Difficult position after the Civil WarRegained influence with Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the New Deal
Democratic Party

II. The Democratic Party

Progressivism and Civil Rights
  • Role as champion of civil rights in the 20th centuryJohn F. Kennedy's victory in 1960Historic laws on civil rights and voting rights
  • State intervention in the economy and support for social programs
Democratic Party

II. The Democratic Party

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