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OBLET Ophély - Ac de Reims

Transcript

India

GEOGRAPHY

SYMBOLS

Index

TRADITION

CULTURE

MONUMENTS

QUIZ

India is also called - The republic of India - Bharat (in Hindi)

Geography

Find India on the map and click on it

Geography

India is located in SOUTH ASIA. Population: 1,2 billions peopleIts neighbours are CHINA, PAKISTAN, BURMA, BANGLADESH and NEPAL.It's the seventh-largest country in the world.It's bounded by: The Indian Ocean on the southThe Arabian Sea on the southwestThe Bay of Bengal on the southeast

NEW DEHLI New Dehli is the CAPITAL CITY of India

MUMBAI Mumbai is the largest city of India

BENGALOR Bengalor is the economical center of India

Geography

Climate: India's climate ranges from tropical monsoon (in the south) to temperate (in the north).The major river in India is the Ganges The highest mountain range in the world, the Himalayas, is in northern India, bordering Nepal and China.

THE HIMALYA

THE GANGES RIVER

Symbols of India

National emblem

National animals

National fruit

National plants

National sport

National anthem

History and society

Society

Religion

History

Language

Culture

Bollywood

Festivals

Clothing

Cuisine

Monuments

Taj Mahal

Red Fort

Indian Gateway

What's the name of this white marble monument?

Diwali

Holi

Soufi Darbar

What's the name of the festival of colours?

Martin Luther King

Mahatma Ghandi

Nelson Mandela

Who fought for the independence of India?

Calcutta

Mumbai

New dehli

What's the capital city of India?

Shiva

Ganesha

Vishnu

Who's the most central deity in Hinduism?

Tika massala

Naan

Paneer

What's the name of this popular Indian cheese?

Saree

Doti

Kurta

What's the name of this traditionnal apparel?

Diwali

Holi

Christmas

What's the name of the festival of light?

Lentil dhal

Chicken tika massala

Coconut cheakpea curry

What's your teacher's favourite Indian dish?

BONUS

Congratulations!

Tu as mérité la recette de ce merveilleux plat

Wrong!

Try again !

SARNATH LION

The National Emblem of India is a replica of the Sarnath Lion. It depicts four lions standing back to back. The emblem symbolizes power, courage and confidence.

LION AND PEACOCK

The National Animal of India is the bengal tiger . It is respected in India for its strength and grace, as well as its incredible power.The National Bird of India is the Peacock . Peacocks symbolize grace, pride, and beauty.

MANGO

The National Fruit of India is the Mango . There are over 100 varieties of mangos in India, in a range of colours, sizes, and shapes.

LOTUS AND BANYAN

The National Flower of India is the Lotus . The lotus represents long life, honour, and good fortune.The National Tree of India is the Banyan Tree (Fig Tree).

HOCKEY

The Indian hockey team is the most successful side in the history of the Olympics: They won eight gold, one silver and three bronze medals. India have also produced some of the best field hockey players in the world, including the legendary Dhyan Chand

JANA GANA MANA

"Jana Gana Mana" is the national anthem (=Hymne national) of the Republic of India. It was composed as in Bengali by polymath Tagore on 11 December 1911.

TAJ MAHAL

- It's one of the Seven Wonders of the World- The Taj Mahal is one of the most beautiful and famous buildings located in the city of Agra. - This white marble monument is a tomb built by Emperor Shahajahan for his wife.

Inside the Taj Mahal

The tombs

AGRA FORT

- It's located in Agra- Its walls are built of red sandstone and marble

Inside Agra fort

Agra fort court

RED FORT

- It's located in Dehli- Its walls are built of red sandstone- It was built in 1648

Inside the Red fort

The gate

GATEWAY OF INDIA

- It's located in Mumbai- It was completed in 1924 - It commemorates king George V for his coronation as the Emperor of India

During Diwali

seen from above

KONARK SUN TEMPLE

- It's located in Bengal region- It's a temple built for the God of sun Surya- It was built in the 13th century- It represent a large chariot

The wheel of the sun chariot

Inside the temple

- The currency ( = money) is called Rupee- The government: Federal Republic- The flag: Orange, green, white with a big wheel in the center.

SOCIETY

The cast system : - Society in India is divided into social ranks, called castes.- Caste is determined by birth.- High castes include priests, landowners, and soldiers.- the "Untouchables" have no caste and do the most difficult jobs.

Orange : Le safran, une épice rare et chere cultivée en Inde, elle représente le courage

Blanc: La pureté et la vérité

Vert: la fertilité et la foi

La roue: "Ashoka Chakra" elle représente le mouvement et le progrès

La société indienne est divisée en "rangs" appellées les "Castes" qui sont determinées à la naissance.La plus haute caste sont les prêtres, les millitaires ou les propriétaires. Ils sont les plus riches et les plus respectés.La plus basse caste, les "intouchables", sont des gens souvent très pauvres qui font des métiers très difficile.Ce système de castes est très inégalitaire et pose de nombreux problèmes.

India is a very spiritual country. It has no official religion, but more than 80 percent of Indians are Hindu. About 13 percent are Muslim. Other religions include Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism.

Religion

SHIVA - The god of creation and destruction

DURGAGoddess of war and power

LAKSHMI Goddess of prosperity, wealth (richesse) and beauty

GANESHA - The god of wisdom, education, intelligence

VISHNU Protector of men

KALI Goddess of death and destruction

- India's earliest civilization is 5,000 years old- In the late 1400s, Europeans arrived in India for commerce. - In 1757, Britain gained control over country (= colonization)- In 1920, the famous Mahatma Gandhi began nonviolent protests to push the British out - In 1947, India won its independence.

HISTORY

"sois le changement que tu voudrais voir dans le monde"

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi est un homme politique qui a permis à l’Inde de devenir un État indépendant en 1947. Surnommé le Mahatma, Gandhi est aussi très connu pour sa non-violence. Même si Gandhi est envoyé en prison plusieurs fois, lui et son mouvement politique vont réussir à faire plier les Britanniques. Ses principes de non-violence ont inspiré d’autres dirigeants, comme Martin Luther King, le leader de la lutte pour les droits des Noirs aux États-Unis.

There are 23 official languages in India! The most spoken are : ENGLISH and HINDI

Bollywood

Bollywood is the Indian film industry. The name was combined with two words: “Bombay” (= Mumbai) and "Hollywood".the most popular genre in Bollywood is "masala film" : A film that mixes action, comedy, romance, and drama with musical numbers (songs and dances). The costumes are often very colourful.

Festivals: Holi and Diwali

  • Holi is a popular festival celebrated as the Festival of Colours. Holi also celebrates the arrival of Spring in India and Nepal, the end of winter, and the blossoming of love
  • Diwali is the festival of lights. It symbolises the "victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance". Diwali is celebrated between mid-September and mid-November. The celebrations generally last five or six days.

DIWALI: Festival of lights

Traditional clothing

  • The most popular traditionnal costume fo women is called: Saree

  • The most popular traditionnal costume fo men are: Dhoti and Kurta

Voir les tenues traditionnelles par région:

saree

Dhoti and kurta

Indian cuisine

PANEER: A type of cheese common in Indian cuisine

SAMOSA: pastry with a savoury filling, including ingredients such as spiced potatoes, onions, peas, meat, or fish

CURRY: a dish with a sauce seasoned with spices. There are many varieties of curry. your teacher's favourite curry is the coconut and cheakpea curry :

THALI : Nepalese and Indian cuisine, an assortment of many traditional dishes. Often vegetarian