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The United Kingdom (UK)

Scotland, the northernmost country in the United Kingdom, is a land of wild mountainous landscapes such as the Cairngorms and the North-Western Highlands, interspersed with "glens" (valleys) and "lochs" (lakes) of glacial origin. Its main cities are Edinburgh, the capital, with its iconic castle perched on a hill, and Glasgow, famous for its lively cultural scene. Scotland is also known for golf, first played at the Old Course at St Andrews, around 1400. Scotland has an area of 78,764 km², comparable with that of the Czech Republic. It extends between the latitudes of Bergen (Norway) to the north and Flensburg (Germany) to the south. The border with England in the south is the only land border, and runs from Gretna Green in the west to Berwick-upon-Tweed in the east.

England, birthplace of Shakespeare and the Beatles, is a country in the British Isles bordering Scotland and Wales. The capital London, crossed by the Thames, is home to the Houses of Parliament, Big Ben and the Tower of London, dating back to the 11th century. This city is also a modern and multicultural artistic and business center. Other important English cities are Manchester, Birmingham, Liverpool, Bristol and the university centers of Oxford and Cambridge.

Wales is a country in the south-west of the United Kingdom known for its rugged coastline and highland national parks. The language, Welsh, and Celtic culture have unique characteristics. Cardiff, the capital, is a sophisticated coastal city with a lively nightlife and a medieval castle with ornate neo-Gothic interiors. In the north-west, Snowdonia National Park has lakes, glacial formations, walking trails and a railway line that reaches the summit of Snowdon.

Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom. This country is famous for its Norman castles, glacial valleys and mountains, Celtic and Christian monuments and coastal golf courses. The capital Belfast is full of political murals that date back to the times of the Northern Irish conflict of the last century, known as The Troubles. Also here is the Titanic Quarter, a neighborhood that houses the shipyard where the famous ship was built and the modern Titanic Belfast museum.