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Extrinsic motivation

Factors that influence motivation

Intrinsic motivation

Division of motivation

MEaning of motivation




Oh captain, my captain!

How do you motivate your students?

“Motivation is something nobody else can give you. Others can help motivate you, but basically it must come from you and it must be a constant desire to do your very best at all times and under any circumstances.” — Joe DiMaggio

Motivation comes from the Latin “movere” which means keep moving. It has different definitions according to the discipline; for example, William G. Scout defines it as “…a process of stimulating people to action to accomplish desired goals”. (mentioned by Sharma, s.f.). Another psychologist defines it as “Motivation is the process which begins with a physiological or psychological need or deficiency which triggers behavior or a drive that is aimed at a goal or incentive.” (mentioned by Sharma, s.f.). In the end, there is no right definition since it depends on the context, the discipline, and people’s interests.

Meaning of motivation

Division of motivation

Motivation is divided into extrinsic and intrinsic. Extrinsic motivation comes from external stimuli that provide satisfaction; on the contrary, intrinsic motivation comes from an internal desire. For example, having a certificate can have both, it can be a personal challenge to accomplish a goal after many years of preparation, and it can also be a professional challenge motivated by earning a better salary.

Intrinsic motivation has three main elements: autonomy, purpose, and mastery. According to Joshua Seong, “People are intrinsically motivated when they can act independently, feel that their efforts matter, and gain satisfaction from becoming more skilled”. On the other side, intrinsic motivation arises in positive feelings, such as the sense of meaning; for example, when you help someone without expecting something in return.

When was the last time you did something that makes you happy? How often do you do it?

This motivation is not exclusive to personal goals, but professional as well. Not all we do in the workplace is paid, and we do it just for the pleasure of doing it; for example, participating in the organization of a congress, just because of the pleasure of bringing the best experts in the field for your students; in advance, you know that you won’t be paid.

Intrinsic motivation

What have you done, just for the pleasure to help others?

Write 3 positive things about you as a teacher and as a person

Write 3 things that motivate you in your professional life.

Write 3 things that motivate you in your personal life


Factors that influence intrinsic motivation


Cooperation and competition



Extrinsic motivation should be applied carefully because it could be counterproductive. When it is applied successfully, it can generate motivation in students who don’t want to participate or are distracted. For example, the use of unexpected rewards can foster motivation, such as a bonus for doing extra work.

How do you motivate your students?

What about neuroscience?

Mirror neuros


Sharma, T. s.f. Meaning, Importance and Theories of Motivation

Cherry, K. (2023). Intrinsic motivation:how internal rewards drive behaviorhttps://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-intrinsic-motivation-2795385.Authentic Education. (19 nov 2019). What are the Mirror Neurons? Discover their power, https://youtu.be/nfvV-mOYsZ8?si=wB_DILsOZizuq8v0

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