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1914

1914

1915

Causes and Events of World War 1

#loremipsumolorsit

Fun Facts

1915

1917

1917

1917

1917

1917

1917

1917

Sinking of the SS.Arabic

August 15, 1915

Zimmermann Telegram

January 17, 1917

Russian Revolution

March 8, 1917

The US Enters World War 1

April 6, 1917

Commitee on Public Infromation

April 13, 1917

Selective Service Act

May 18, 1917

Espionage Act

Jun 15, 1917

War Industries Board

July 28, 1917

events/causes

Sinking of the Lusitania

May 7, 1915

Opening of Panama Canal

August 15, 1914

Assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand

June 28, 1914

This ship sank in 18 minutes!

This was only one of four ships sunk that day by the German U-Boat!

The device which Germany sent the message to Mexico with, was a gift from the USA!

The Tsar and Romanov family was executed after the revolution by the Bolsheviks!

The US stayed neutral for 3 years during the war until they finally caved and entered!

This was government propaganda pushed through an executive order by President Woodrow Wilson!

Nearly 2.8 million men joined over the next two years due to this Act!

This Act was largely targeted towards socialists and anti-war activists!

A lot of women joined the workforce as apart of this Board!

It cost over 25,000 lives to construct this canal!

He was shunned for marrying the woman he loved!

1918

Causes and Events of World War 1 cont.

#loremipsumolorsit

Fun Facts

1918

1918

1918

1918

1919

1920

Influenza Pandemic

March 11, 1918

Sedition Act

May 16, 1918

Meusse-Argonne Offensive

September 26, 1918

Armistice Day

November 11, 1918

Treaty of Versailles

June 28, 1919

League of Nations

Januaray 10, 1920

events/causes

Wilson's 14 Point Speech

January 8, 1918

Thank you for reading Mrs.Schell/Ms.Harrison!I hope you enjoyed!

This speech later went on to help influence the creation of the League of Nations!

The average life expectancy of the United States dropped by about 12 years!

People who violated this Act could face up to 20 years in prison and a fine of $10,000!

This offensive was one of the deadliest in American history, killing over 26,000 soldiers and resulting in over 120,000 total casualties!

The war ended on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day on the eleventh month!

The USA was not a signatory to this Treaty!

President Woodrow Wilson won a Nobel Peace Prize as apart of his effort for this League!

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Wilson’s Fourteen Points Speech was President Wilson’s proclamation of the main causes for the current world war and 14 ways to resolve the war and attain “world peace”. The speech discussed key solutions such as open diplomacy, tree trade agreements, the right to independence, creation of various governments, and more in order to undermine the Central Powers and help push the Allied countries to victory. Wilson’s speech was an influential tool of rhetoric used during wartime motivating not just Americans but people all over the world.

Wilson's 14 Point Speech

Armistice Day was on November 11,1918 and it marked the end of World War 1 through the signing of an armistice by the Germans and Allied forces. Germany was the last remaining Central Power still fighting and this day officially marked the end of all fighting in the war, worldwide.

Armistice Day

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The War Industries Board was created by President Woodrow Wilson in 1917 with its primary intent to help supply the US military by increasing industrial production of weapons and war materials that the Army would need. This board ensured that the military would have the adequate wartime supplies it needed by standardizing the production of items through processes such as the assembly line. Encouraging Americans to contribute items that could be used for military supplies, Wilson pushed the Board as a way to actively unite Americans in supporting the war effort.

War Industries Board

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The Selective Service Act allowed the US government to add citizens to the army through conscription and through this act 24 million citizens were added. The US needed to raise troops to help fight the war overseas and this act enforced that all males aged 21-45 enlist to join in the war. Following the USA's declaration of war on Germany, many Americans did not volunteer to join the army and this coupled with the urgency to raise military troops in a short period of time, pushed Wilson and the US government to enforce this act.

Selective Service Act

The Zimmerman telegram occurred in early 1917, and sent a ripple of outrage through the American public and president, with the access to new intercepted information of German warfare plans made public to Americans. The German Foreign Minister had sent a telegram to Mexico with 2 key intentions; the first of which detailed its plans to pursue “unrestricted submarine warfare” including toward future American citizens, and the second which urged Mexico to join the war against the US, as a measure of defense against the US should it plan to join the war. After its release to the American public the contents of the Zimmerman Telegram solidified American opinion against the Germans and prompted a frenzy of anti-German sentiment throughout the public. However, following the telegram, President Wilson still didn’t enter the war immediately.

Zimmermann Telegram

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The assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand was a key event that set off World War 1 on June 28, 1914. This event resulted in the July Crisis, which led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia. After this declaration of war, more allied nations were pushed into the war effort which ultimately culminated in WW1.

Assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand

The Sedition Act of 1918 was a broader extension of the prior Espionage Act and it further prohibited speech/opinions that dissented the current war effort. The Sedition Act placed extreme penalties on various types of speech that was largely voiced by anti-war activists and it severely restricted the First Amendment rights of many American citizens. This act was pushed through in an effort to promote more unity towards the war-effort from the American public and dispel any dissenting opinions by criminalizing it.

Sedition Act

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The sinking of the Lusitania was a key event in the build up to World War 1, where the German torpedoed and sunk a British cruise liner that carried 123 American citizens. The sinking prompted a split reaction amongst the American public, some viewing it with anger and as an act of hostility, while others maintained a more neutral stance acknowledging it under the current circumstances of the German’s perspective of the British as an enemy during the war. Even though many Americans still resisted entering the war, the sinking of the Lusitania sparked a strained and weaker relationship between the US and Germany that fueled anti-German sentiments amongst the American public.

Sinking of the Lusitania

The Treaty of Versailles was the final treaty that officially ended the world war between Germany and the Allied Powers. The Treaty mainly placed the blame of the war on Germany, which lost a majority of its military, global, and economic power through the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles. Although the signing of this Treaty led to the end of World War, it made Germany a scapegoat on the global stage, largely contributing to causes that fueled World War 2.

Treaty of Versailles

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The Russian Revolution was initiated due to growing public interest to overthrow the current Czar government and implement a new communist government. The revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution, was largely backed by German support as they wanted to push Russia out of the war in hopes of directing their troops towards the Western Front of Europe. By establishing a newfound communist government in Russia, the United States began to see a rise in pro-war sentiment as the US government largely wanted to prevent the spread of communism and pro-revolutionary ideals. This revolution helped spark influences of entering the war in an effort from the US to restrict the ideals of communism and back Allied nations against the Central Powers, like Germany.

Russian Revolution

The Committee on Public Information was established by President Woodrow Wilson in order to spur pro-war sentiment amongst the American public and essentially criminalize any opposition to the war. Known as the CPI. The purpose of this organization was to mainstream propaganda that would help garner public support for the US’s decision to join the war. For context at this time, the USA's decision to declare war on Germany, was still contested by some in the American public. However the CPI wanted to distill anti-war sentiment and through mass communication to the American public, it essentially justified its decision to join the war.

Commitee on Public Information

In April of 1917, President Woodrow Wilson requested to Congress that the US enter into the war largely due to recent German actions surrounding unrestricted submarine warfare that was on the rise. For prior context, Germany had pledged to restrict its submarine warfare through the Sussex pledge, however once it broke it’s pledge due to recent acts of war along with it’s messages found through the Zimmerman telegram, the US declared to enter the war. After the House and the Senate approved to declare war on Germany, the US officially entered World War 1, after 2 long years of build up that centered around anti-German sentiment and actions.

US Enters World War 1

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The sinking of the SS.Arabic was another major event that continued to push the United States out of the zone of “neutrality”. In August 1915, the Germans sank another British ship, the SS.Arabic which weakened the diplomatic relationship between the US and Germany more. The US warned Germany against similar attacks in the future, and Germany’s temporary agreement to stop the attacks allowed Wilson to keep America “neutral”.

Sinking of the SS.Arabic

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The Influenza Pandemic broke out during 1918 and its impact was largely hidden and covered by the US federal government in order to falsely push the American public to focus on the war effort rather than the disease’s impact. The government prohibited publication from spreading information about the true death toll in that nation along with other statistics, as they believed it would “distract” the citizens from the war effort. This pandemic affected around nearly 25% of the US’s population at that time and had a death toll more than 3X than what the World War had.

Influenza Pandemic

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The Espionage Act was passed in 1917 in order to criminalize any passage of information that would or could intervene with the war effort. This act cracked down on any activities that could be construed as dangerous towards the US military efforts in the war and it outlawed certain types of speech that the US labeled as “false statements' ' that would halt American progress or help the enemies. By passing this act, the US hardened its position of pro-war efforts to the American people and tried to dispel any opposition to that ideal.

Espionage Act

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The Meuse-Argonne Offensive was one of the final attacks that brought an end to World War, spanning over 47 days. Nearly a million American soldiers were a part of the operation and it was a final war effort from the American Expeditionary Force(AEF). It was fought until November 11, 1918 which is when the world war finally ended on a day known as armistice day.

Meusse-Argonne Offensive

The League of Nations was created due to a provision in the Treaty of Versailles with the main purpose of “promoting international cooperation and achieving peace and security”. This was the first international forum for resolving international disputes, largely pushed by President Woodrow Wilson who directly took control of American foreign policy at this time. Eventually the League of Nations would be what we now know as the United Nations.

League of Nations

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The Panama Canal revolutionized maritime trade between the global economy. This canal carried a lot of military weightage during the war as it allowed for the quicker transportation of wartime good for armies. This canal strengthened the US's global status as a trade superpower and it solidified it's economic influence on the world.

Opening of the Panama Canal