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gerunds and infinitives

* Travelling by plane is fast* Living in a foreign contry is sometimes difficult* What he really enjoys is going by bike

We use gerunds as NOUNS, so they can be the subject or the object of a sentence

GERUNDS (-ING FORM)

* He is good at solving problems* She is thinking of buying a new house* She's got a strange way of walking

We use gerunds after prepositions that follow nouns, verbs or adjectives

GERUNDS (-ING FORM)

*She cried after listening the song you chose

We use gerunds when we do not want to repeat the subject because it is the same

GERUNDS (-ING FORM)

AVOID, CONSIDER, FINISH, DENY, DETEST, RECOMMEND, SUGGEST, MISS, RISK, DISCUSS...

We use GERUNDS after certain verbs

GERUNDS (-ING FORM)

GERUNDS (-ING FORM)

Can't stand, give up, looking forward to, there's no point in, don't mind, fancy, be worth...

And after certain expressions...

INFINITIVE (TO + BASE FORM)

* Most people come to the city to find a better job.*She decided to help him, though he didn't do it in the past.

We use the infinitive to express purpose

INFINITIVES (TO + BASE FORM)

She wrote a new song...
HE GREW MOUSTACHE...

* Sometimes it's okay not to be okay* It's an interesting idea to pack before you leave

We use the infinitive after certain nouns and adjectives, to make general statements

INFINITIVES (TO + BASE FORM)

AGREE, DECIDE, HOPE, LEARN, REFUSE, PLAN, PREPARE, PROMISE, MANAGE, APPEAR, ARRANGE...

We use the infinitive after certain verbs

INFINITIVES (TO + BASE FORM)

GIVE UP SOMETHINGshe stopped smoking after having her first baby

✍️

show purposeshe stopped to buy some food for the trip

TO INFINITIVE
GERUND

STOP

VERBS FOLLOWED BY -ING OR TO INFINITIVE

PASTI REMEMBERED LOCKING THE DOOR

✍️

PRESENTREMEMBER TO LOCK THE DOOR BEFORE YOU LEAVE!

TO INFINITIVE
GERUND

REMEMBER

VERBS FOLLOWED BY -ING OR TO INFINITIVE

PASTI COMPLETELY FORGOT CALLING YOU!

✍️

TO INFINITIVE

PRESENTDON'T FORGET TO CALL ME TOMORROW!

GERUND

FORGET

VERBS FOLLOWED BY -ING OR TO INFINITIVE

✍️

EXPERIMENT[...] TRY USING THE KNIFE

TO INFINITIVE

EFFORTI TRIED TO PASS THE EXAM, BUT IT WAS IMPOSSIBLE

GERUND

TRY

VERBS FOLLOWED BY -ING OR TO INFINITIVE

PASTI REMEMBERED LOCKING THE DOOR

✍️

PRESENTREMEMBER TO LOCK THE DOOR BEFORE YOU LEAVE!

TO INFINITIVE
GERUND

REMEMBER

VERBS FOLLOWED BY -ING OR TO INFINITIVE

LOVE

LIKE

BEGIN

HATE

VERBS FOLLOWED BY -ING AND TO INFINITIVE