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South Africa

people and culture



South africa's wildlife

geography and landscapes



Amazing landscapes: incredibili paesaggiCultural meeting points: punti d'incontro culturale


South Africa is famous for its incredible diversity, amazing landscapes and rich culture. It is one of the great cultural meeting points of the African continent.

Beautiful landscapes: bei paesaggiVast savannas, tall mountains, clean beaches and semi-dry deserts: vaste savane, alte montagne, spiagge pulite e deserti semisecchi. Wonders: meraviglie

South Africa has a variety of beautiful landscapes. It has vast savannas, tall mountains, clean beaches, and semi-dry deserts. Some of its natural wonders include Table Mountain in Cape Town, the Drakensberg Mountains, the Karoo desert and the Kruger National Park.

geography and landscape

Judicial capital: capitale giuridicaLargest urban area in the country: la più grande area urbana del Paese. Is washed by: è bagnato da

South Africa has three capitals:Pretoria (administrative capital), Bloemfontein (judicial capital) and Cape Town (legislative capital).Johannesburg is the largest urban area in the country and the most populous city.South Africa is washed by two oceans: The Indian and Atlantic oceans.


wildlife is wonderful: la fauna selvatica è meravigliosamammals: mammiferiworks hard to preserve: lavora duramente per preservare protected land and marine areas: aree terrestri e marine protetteNevertheless, illegal hunting and habitat destruction threaten many of South Africa's animals: tuttavia la caccia illegale e la distruzione dell'habitat minacciano molti animali del Sudafrica

South Africa's wildlife

South Africa's wildlife is wonderful: it's home to nearly 10 percent of the world's known bird, fish and plant species and about 6 percent of mammals and reptiles. South Africa works hard to preserve its wildlife. There are dozens of protected land and marine areas, including the famous Kruger National Park in the north. Nevertheless, illegal hunting and habitat destruction threaten many of South Africa's animals and dozens of species are at risk of extinction.

ships heading to the Far East: navi dirette in Estremo Oriente. Netherlands established the southern city of Cape Town, and Dutch farmers, called Boers, settled in the areas around the city: i Paesi Bassi fondarono la città meridionale di Città del Capo e i contadini olandesi, chiamati boeri, si stabilirono nelle aree circostanti la città.a practice of segregation called apartheid, which led to conflicts: una pratica di segregazione chiamata apartheid, che ha portato a conflitti.

In the 1400s, European ships heading to the Far East began stopping on the South African coast. In 1652, the Netherlands established the southern city of Cape Town, and Dutch farmers, called Boers, settled in the areas around the city.In 1806, wars in Europe left the British in control of the Cape Town colony. In 1910, the British united four colonies in the region and created South Africa. They established laws that separated whites from black South Africans, a practice of segregation called apartheid, which led to conflicts.


was given a life sentence in jail: fu condannato all'ergastolo behind bars: dietro le sbarrefreed: liberato

In 1963, Nelson Mandela, the head of the anti-apartheid African National Congress, was given a life sentence in jail for “terrorist” activities. In 1990, after 27 years behind bars, Mandela was freed by President F.W. de Klerk, and in 1994, he was elected president of South Africa (Mandela is the first black President of South Africa). That same year, apartheid was officially abolished.


South Africa is composed of many different peoples, each with their own language and history. The country has 11 official languages and many more unofficial ones. This colorful mix of cultures gives South Africa its nickname "rainbow nation" (nazione arcobaleno).South Africans love music and often express social and political ideas with song and dance. They're also known for their skill in sports, including rugby, cricket, golf, and soccer. In 2010, South Africa became the first African nation to host the World Cup.

People and culture