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Facultad de Idiomas © 2024 by Centro de Autoacceso is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


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American Culture: Introduction to the USA

American Origins


American flag and symbols





American Flag and symbols


Bandera americana y los símbolos

American flag and symbols

Da clic en cualquier imagen para leer más información sobre su historia, después da clic en la fecha para responder las actividades.

American flag and symbols







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Many thousands of years before Christopher Columbus’ ships landed in the Bahamas, a different group of people discovered America: the nomadic ancestors of modern Native Americans who hiked over a “land bridge” from Asia to what is now Alaska more than 12,000 years ago. In fact, by the time European adventurers arrived in the 15th century, scholars estimate that more than 50 million people were already living in the Americas. Of these, some 10 million lived in the area that would become the United States. As time passed, these migrants and their descendants pushed south and east, adapting as they went. In order to keep track of these diverse groups, anthropologists and geographers have divided them into “culture areas,” or rough groupings of contiguous peoples who shared similar habitats and characteristics.

Mount Rushmore was carved between 1927 and 1941 with the initial goal of boosting tourism in South Dakota. However, artist Gutzon Borglum expanded the project to create a memorial celebrating the first 150 years of American history. Each of the presidents depicted on the mountain symbolizes a different aspect of American history: George Washington represents the nation's birth, Thomas Jefferson symbolizes its expansion (notably the Louisiana Purchase), Abraham Lincoln embodies its preservation through the Civil War, and Theodore Roosevelt signifies its development as a world power and the construction of the Panama Canal.

Mount Rushmore

Bienvenido a este objeto virtual de aprendizaje. Aquí realizarás las siguientes actividades para profundizar tu conocimiento sobre la bandera de Estados Unidos y sus símbolos representativos, sumérgete en la historia detrás de la bandera de barras y estrellas y otros símbolos nacionales clave. ¡Disfruta del aprendizaje y no dudes en explorar cada sección a tu propio ritmo!

In the 1860s, Frenchman Edouardo de Laboulaye conceived the idea for the Statue of Liberty to symbolize freedom and democracy. He commissioned sculptor Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi to design it.France funded the statue's construction, while the United States provided the pedestal. Designed as "Liberty Enlightening the World," the statue arrived in New York in 1885 and was dedicated in 1886. It served as a welcoming symbol for immigrants arriving in America during the late 19th century. The torch symbolizes enlightenment, and the tablet in Liberty's hand bears the date of American independence. The original torch was replaced in 1986 and is now displayed in the Statue of Liberty Museum.

The Statue of Liberty

The flag of the United States features 13 alternating red and white stripes, symbolizing the original 13 colonies, and 50 white stars on a blue field, representing the 50 states. The colors of the flag hold symbolic meanings: red signifies value and bravery, white represents purity and innocence, and blue stands for vigilance, perseverance, and justice. The Flag Resolution of June 14, 1777, mandated the design of the flag, while President Eisenhower's Executive Order dated August 21, 1959, specified the arrangement of the stars on the flag.

The flag of the United States


En esta era de diversidad cultural y cambio constante, entender el significado y la importancia de estos símbolos es fundamental para fortalecer nuestra identidad colectiva y promover la unidad en nuestra sociedad. En este contexto, explorar más sobre la bandera y los símbolos de Estados Unidos se vuelve no solo relevante, sino también esencial para el entendimiento y la cohesión de nuestra comunidad.

The rose, said to be about 35 million years old, has been used as a symbol of love, beauty, war, and politics throughout the world. The flowers are generally red, pink, white, or yellow and grow naturally throughout North America. The rose became the official flower of the United States in 1986.

The rose

información general

Tema: American Flag and SymbolsExperiencia Educativa: Cultura EstadounidensePrograma Educativo: Licenciatura en Lengua InglesaRegión / Campus: XalapaCreado por: Camila Estrada VázquezFecha de creación: 11 de Marzo de 2024Revisado por: PendienteFecha de revisión: PendienteActualizado por: PendienteFecha de actualización: Pendiente

The bald eagle became a national symbol of the United States after its depiction on the Great Seal in 1782. Initially, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and John Adams were tasked with designing the seal but failed to come up with an approved design. Charles Thomson, the secretary of Congress, consolidated elements from various designs, prominently featuring the eagle suggested by William Barton. Thomson recommended replacing the small eagle with an American bald eagle, which Congress adopted on June 20, 1782. Despite legends, there's no evidence Franklin lobbied for the turkey over the bald eagle. The bald eagle's image appeared on official documents, currency, flags, and government buildings, solidifying its status as an American icon.

The bald eagle


El objetivo de aprender sobre la bandera de Estados Unidos y sus símbolos representativos es fomentar el conocimiento y la comprensión de la historia, los valores y la identidad nacional. Esto contribuirá a fortalecer el sentido de pertenencia y el respeto por la diversidad cultural dentro de la comunidad, así como promover el patriotismo y la unidad entre los ciudadanos.


Aprender sobre la bandera de Estados Unidos y sus símbolos representativos es fundamental para comprender la historia y la identidad de la nación. Estos símbolos, como la bandera de barras y estrellas, el águila calva y el lema nacional encarnan los valores de unidad, libertad y patriotismo. Conocer su significado promueve el respeto por la diversidad cultural y fortalece el sentido de pertenencia a la comunidad nacional.

The United States, one of the largest countries in the world is in North America, between Canada and Mexico. It is divided into 50 states.Canada is the country to the north of the United States and there are 13 US states on the border of Canada: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Washington, and Alaska. Mexico is the country to the south of the United States. Four states share a border with Mexico: California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. The US is located between two oceans. The Atlantic Ocean is on the east coast. The Pacific Ocean, the largest ocean in the world, is on the West Coast. The United States has five major territories. The five US territories are Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands. American Samoa, Northern Mariana Islands, and Guam.

Uncle Sam, a symbol of the U.S. government, originated during the War of 1812. He is depicted as an older man resembling the U.S. flag. The name "Uncle Sam" arose from Samuel Wilson, an inspector of beef and pork in New York, whose initials appeared on government provisions. The nickname spread as a joke, eventually becoming synonymous with the United States. Uncle Sam is commonly depicted in political cartoons and advertising. A famous image by James Montgomery Flagg during World War I shows Uncle Sam pointing sternly with the caption "I Want YOU for the U.S. Army," serving as a recruiting tool.

Uncle Sam

Recursos de apoyo

American Culture. OLSC. (2023, Feb) PDF. https://www.ushistory.org/documents/pledge.htmhttps://www.google.com.mx/search?sxsrf=AJOqlzVMsfduE2Ihy_HcDHsouLUxya02WA:1678321780527&q =American+symbols+and+meanings&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjb- 6_sy839AhVPPUQIHXuVAaQQ1QJ6BAhREAE&biw=1280&bih=577&dpr=1.5

The Liberty Bell, originally intended for the Pennsylvania State House, now known as Independence Hall, bears the timeless message "Proclaim Liberty Throughout All the Land Unto All the Inhabitants thereof." Ordered in 1751, it was cast in Philadelphia after the first bell from London cracked. Over time, it gained significance as a symbol of liberty, especially after acquiring its crack in the 1840s. The bell's inscription is from the Bible, chosen possibly to commemorate William Penn's Charter of Privileges. It became a symbol of abolitionism, inspiring movements like Women's Suffrage and Civil Rights. The Liberty Bell traveled across the country, embodying unity and freedom, and remains a powerful symbol today.

The Liberty Bell

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