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what is the magna carta?

historic contest

why is it still so important today?

Made by Serena,Giorgia,Edoardo and Oscar

But what freedom did the citizens gained?

The book of freedom

Map

THE MAGNA CARTA

the end of feudalism

Dicunt percipit deserunt ut usu

The Magna Carta, Latin for "Great Charter," is one of the most important documents in the history of constitutional law. It was originally issued in June 1215 during the reign of King John of England. The Magna Carta was essentially a peace treaty between King John and a group of rebellious barons who were unhappy with his rule. The document contained provisions that aimed to limit the king's power and protect the rights of the nobility. Some of its key principles included the idea that the king was subject to the law, the right to a fair trial, and limits on the king's ability to levy taxes without the consent of the nobility. Although many of its specific provisions were tailored to the political and legal context of medieval England, the Magna Carta has come to be seen as a foundational document for principles of constitutional government and the rule of law. It has been cited as an inspiration for documents such as the United States Constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

what is the magna carta?

historic contest

why is it still so important today?

Made by Serena,Giorgia,Edoardo and Oscar

But what freedom did the citizens gained?

  • Protection against Arbitrary Arrest: The Magna Carta established that no free man could be arrested, imprisoned, or punished except through the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land.
  • Right to a Fair Trial: It guaranteed that justice would not be sold, denied, or delayed to anyone, ensuring access to fair and impartial legal proceedings.
  • Limitations on Taxation: It imposed restrictions on the king's ability to levy taxes without the consent of his barons, protecting individuals from excessive financial burdens imposed by the crown.
  • Protection of Property Rights: The Magna Carta safeguarded the rights of landowners, ensuring that their property could not be seized or confiscated arbitrarily by the king.
  • Freedom of the Church: It recognized the autonomy of the Church and prohibited royal interference in ecclesiastical matters, preserving the freedom of religious institutions from state control.

The book of freedom

Map

THE MAGNA CARTA

the end of feudalism

Dicunt percipit deserunt ut usu

To understand the Magna Carta's historic context, we need to delve into the political and social circumstances of the time: Turbulent Reign of King John: King John faced significant challenges during his reign. He was frequently at odds with his barons due to his arbitrary rule, heavy taxation, and military failures.His despotic tendencies led to widespread discontent among the nobility and the Church. Financial Strain and Arbitrary Rule: King John’s need for revenue to fund his military campaigns and extravagances resulted in oppressive taxation and the arbitrary seizure of property. His administration of justice was also criticized for its corruption and unfairness. Conflict with the Church: King John's disputes with Pope Innocent III over the appointment of the Archbishop of Canterbury and the payment of feudal dues to the Papacy exacerbated his already strained relationship with the Church. The Pope excommunicated John and placed England under interdict. Baronial Revolt: In response to King John's oppressive rule and his refusal to address their grievances, a group of rebellious barons took up arms against him. This conflict culminated in the siege of London and eventually led to the iconic meeting at Runnymede, where the Magna Carta was sealed on June 15, 1215.

what is the magna carta?

historic contest

why is it still so important today?

Made by Serena,Giorgia,Edoardo and Oscar

But what freedom did the citizens gained?

  • Protection against Arbitrary Arrest: The Magna Carta established that no free man could be arrested, imprisoned, or punished except through the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land.
  • Right to a Fair Trial: It guaranteed that justice would not be sold, denied, or delayed to anyone, ensuring access to fair and impartial legal proceedings.
  • Limitations on Taxation: It imposed restrictions on the king's ability to levy taxes without the consent of his barons, protecting individuals from excessive financial burdens imposed by the crown.
  • Protection of Property Rights: The Magna Carta safeguarded the rights of landowners, ensuring that their property could not be seized or confiscated arbitrarily by the king.
  • Freedom of the Church: It recognized the autonomy of the Church and prohibited royal interference in ecclesiastical matters, preserving the freedom of religious institutions from state control.

The book of freedom

Map

THE MAGNA CARTA

the end of feudalism

Dicunt percipit deserunt ut usu

Magna Carta recognized three great constitutional ideas,which we still see today: Fundamental rights can only be taken away or interfed with due process and in accordance with the law; Government rests upon the consent of the governed,which is reinforced by our right to free and fair elections; Government,as well as governed,is bound by law,so the Human Right Act 1998 makes it clear the public authorities can't infrange our rights

what is the magna carta?

historic contest

why is it still so important today?

Made by Serena,Giorgia,Edoardo and Oscar

But what freedom did the citizens gained?

The book of freedom

Map

THE MAGNA CARTA

the end of feudalism

Dicunt percipit deserunt ut usu

1.Protection against Arbitrary Arrest: The Magna Carta established that no free man could be arrested, imprisoned, or punished except through the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land.2. Right to a Fair Trial: It guaranteed that justice would not be sold, denied, or delayed to anyone, ensuring access to fair and impartial legal proceedings3. Limitations on Taxation: It imposed restrictions on the king's ability to levy taxes without the consent of his barons, protecting individuals from excessive financial burdens imposed by the crown.4. Protection of Property Rights: The Magna Carta safeguarded the rights of landowners, ensuring that their property could not be seized or confiscated arbitrarily by the king. 5.Freedom of the Church: It recognized the autonomy of the Church and prohibited royal interference in ecclesiastical matters, preserving the freedom of religious institutions from state control.