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Vincent van Gogh

Learn key points on this post-impressionist painter's life and career and review his work

GREAT INFLUENCE ON MODERN ART

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Index

ObjeCtivES

QUIZ

HIS LIFE

HIS WORK

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1

Objectives

2

Know your life

3

Know your work

Play a quiz and show what you have learned

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His life

His work had a great influence on modern art because of its striking colours and emotional power.

30 March 1853 – 29 July 1890

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"

I dream my painting andI paint my dream"

Vincent van Gogh

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He was born Vincent Willem van Gogh on 30 March 1853 in Groot-Zundert, Netherlands. His father, Theodorus van Gogh, was a pastor. His mother, Anna Cornelia Carbentus, was an artist. Van Gogh was brought up in a religious and cultured family.

Early life

He was very emotional and he did not have a great deal of self-confidence. He was also a replacement child. He was born a year after the death of his brother, also named Vincent. He even had the same birthday. Living at the church rectory Vincent walked past the grave of his dead brother every day.

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Between 1860 and 1880, van Gogh had a two sad romances. He also had worked unsuccessfully in a bookstore, as an art salesman, and a preacher. He remained in Belgium to study art. The works of his early Dutch period are sad, sharp, and one of the most famous pictures from here is The Potato Eaters, painted in 1885. In that year, van Gogh went to Antwerp where he found the works of famous artists and bought a lot of Japanese prints.

Career

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In 1886 he went to Paris to join his brother Théo, who was the manager of Goupil's gallery.

In Paris, van Gogh studied with Cormon. He also met Pissarro, Monet, and Gauguin. This helped the colors of his paintings lighten and be painted in short strokes from the paintbrush. His nervous temper made him a difficult companion and night-long discussions combined with painting all day made him very unhealthy.

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"

As for me, I am rather often uneasy in my mind, because I think that my life has not been calm enough; all those bitter disappointments, adversities, changes keep me from developing fully and naturallyin my artistic career"

He decided to go south to Arles where he hoped his friends would join him and help found a school of art. Gauguin did join him, but it did not help. Near the end of 1888, Gauguin left Arles. Van Gogh followed him with an open razor, but was stopped by Gauguin. Instead, he cut his own ear lobe off. After that, van Gogh began to get fits of madness and was sent to the asylum in Saint-Remy for medical treatment. He painted over 1,000 portraits.

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In May of 1890, he regained his health and went to live in Auvers-sur-Oise. Dr. Gachet watched him carefully. However, two months later on 27 July, he tried to commit suicide by shooting himself with a revolver.

He died two days later, with Theo at his side. Recent findings have suggested that he may have been shot by accident when 2 children were hunting but he didn't want them to get in trouble, resulting in him telling everyone that he shot himself.

DEATH

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His work

He made more than 2,000 artworks, with 900 paintings and 1,100 drawings and sketches.

"one of the greatest painters in the world"

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Van Gogh made a lithograph of the composition The Potato Eaters before embarking on the painting proper.

The Potato Eaters (1885)

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The house was the right wing of 2 Place Lamartine Arles, France, where, on May 1, 1888

The yellow house (1888)

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The bright, cheerful little room has become a field of rapid convergences, sharp angles, and contrasts of high color.

The Bedroom At Arles (1888)

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It describes the view from the east-facing window of his asylum room at Saint-Rémy-de-Provence.

The Starry Night (1889)

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The maternal Madame Roulin inspired in van Gogh the desire to repeat her portrait a number of times.

La Berceuse (1889)

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Quiz

How much do you know about Vincent van Gogh?

START

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1/5

In what country wasVincent Van Gogh born?

Netherlands

Spain

France

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Right!

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2/5

What was the name of Vincent van Gogh's stillborn older brother?

Théo

Anthon

Vincent

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Right!

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3/5

What color was Vincent's house in Arles?

Yellow

Red

Blue

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Right!

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4/5

Under what name did Vincent insist onsigning and cataloguing his work?

Lazarus

Vincent

Van Gogh

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Right!

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5/5

How is Vincent Van Gogh generallybelieved to have died?

Old age

Suicide

Epidemic

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Right!

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Congratulations

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