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A rebellion led by the slave and preacher Nat Turner

1833

The Slavery Abolition act of 1833 was an act of the parliament of th U-K which provided for the gradual abolition of slavery in most parts of the British Empire. It was passed by Earl Grey's reforming administration and expanded the jurisdiction of the Slave Trade act of 1807 and made the purchase or ownership of slaves illegal within the British Empire.

Against slavery protest.

U.S. law declares slave trading to be a capital offense

1820

The Missouri Compromise of 1820, which allowed Missouri to become a slave state, further provoked anti-slave sentiment in the North.

Abolition of slave trade

1819

The U.S. annexes East Florida, which previously served as a refuge for runaway slaves. 1819 U.S. law declares slave trading to be a capital offense. 1819 Canada denies the American government the right to pursue runaway slaves within its borders.

First law against slavery

1807

The Slave Trade Act 1807, officially An Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade, was an act of the Parliament of the United-Kingdom prohibiting the slave trade in the British Empire. Although it did not abolish the practice of slavery, it encouraged British action to press other nation states to abolish their own slave trades.

Independance War

1780

Massachusetts state creates the first law against slavery The institution of slavery was legally abolished in the state.

rise of slave trade

1640-1680

Rise of the slave trade: capture of black african people

Fisrt settlers

1619

Arrival of the first british settlers in Virginia USA: arrival of the fisrt slaves

Slavery in the USA

timeline

1775-1783

The independence war, also known as the American Revolution or the American War of Independence, was the military conflict of the American Revolution in which 13 of Great Britain’s North American colonies won political independence and formed the United States of America. During this war, 5000 blacks joined the American continental army.

1827

  • Samuel Cornish and John B. Russwurm publish the first African American newspaper, Freedom's Journal. The publication is circulated in eleven states, Haiti, Europe, and Canada.

1831

A rebellion led by the slave and preacher Nat Turner (1800-1831) shook Southampton County in Virginia. Captured, Nat Turner was hanged with 11 of his followers.

First Black American newspaper

abolition of slavery the British Empire

1810-1850

According to some estimates, between 1810 and 1850, the Underground Railroad helped to guide one hundred thousand enslaved people to freedom.

underground railroad

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Dred Scott v. Sandford case

Fugitive Slave Act

Publication of Frederick Douglass's autobiographie

1860

The eleven slave-owning states of the southern United States seceded because of the obligation to abolish slavery that the northern states had decided to impose on them, an obligation linked more to economic interests than to moral principles. At the time, there were 4 million Black slaves in the United States. Abraham Lincoln was elected sixteenth president of the U.S.A.

The Slave Revolt in the Cherokee Nation

1850-1860

Legal battle between the southern and northern states to abolish or re-establish slavery.

1834

Connecticut's General Assembly passed what came to be known as the Black Law. The Black Law restricted African Americans from coming into Connecticut to get an education and prohibited anyone from opening a school to educate African Americans from outside the state without getting a town's permission.

"Black law"

1841

In 1841, a brig (boat) named Creole carried 135 slaves from Hampton Roads, Virginia, to New Orleans. Nineteen slaves revolted, led by Madison Washington (en), and seized the ship. They succeeded in taking the ship as far as Nassau in the Bahamas, then a British colony.

1831

Arrival of the first british settlers in Virginia USA: arrival of the fisrt slaves

1842

The Slave Revolt in the Cherokee Nation occurred in Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) when a group of twenty-five enslaved blacks, mostly from the Joseph Vann plantation, attempted to escape to Mexico where slavery was abolished. The revolt began on November 15, 1842, when the Vann plantation fugitives gathered with slaves from other plantations near Webbers Falls in the Cherokee Nation.

1850

In response to the adoption in 1850 of the second Fugitive Slave Act, which punished those who helped fugitive slaves by reducing their rights, as well as those of freed slaves, Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin, which became the best-selling novel of the 19th century after the Bible.

1857

The Dred Scott v. Sandford case (1857) was the most important slavery-related decision in the United States Supreme Court’s history. Coming on the eve of the Civil War, and seven years after the Missouri Compromise of 1850, the decision affected the national political scene, impacted the rights of free blacks, and reinforced the institution of slavery. "Black people are not american citizens and have no rights that white people are obliged to respect."

tension between southern and northern states

1845

Publication of the autobiography of Frederick Douglass (1818-1895), a slave from Maryland who managed to escape and became a famous anti-slavery campaigner.

ship seized by salves

Abraham Lincoln was elected president

Creation of the Ku Klux Klan

1863

"Emancipation Proclamation", issued by President Abraham Lincoln, declaring immediate freedom for slaves residing in the territory of the Southern Confederacy.

Definitive abolition of slavery in the U.S.

"Emancipation Proclamation"

1831

Arrival of the first british settlers in Virginia USA: arrival of the fisrt slaves

1861-1865

Secession war: - between the northern states almost all abolitionists, and southern states - 2 main causes: . the problem of slavery . the problem of the states' rights The war caused 60,0000 deaths. More than 186,000 blacks served in the Northern army, 38,000 of whom were killed.

1865

The XIIIth Amendment to the American Constitution definitively abolished slavery: "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist in the United States, nor in any place subject to their jurisdiction".

1865

The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was a racist secret society known for its terrorist actions targeting mainly African-Americans between the 1860s and the 1930s. Its members, dressed in highly recognisable white suits and burning crosses, advocated white supremacy and sought to strip blacks of their newly acquired rights. Particularly active in the southern United States, where it took root in 1865, it waged a reign of violence until its disappearance at the end of the 1930s. Today, the KKK is part of the American extreme right.

Scession War

1870

The 15th Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified on February 3, 1870, was a significant milestone in the fight for civil rights. It guaranteed African American men the right to vote. The amendment reads: “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”

Right to vote for Black colored people