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Transcript

1950

Europe Day

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EUROPEAN UNION GROUP-WORK

LUKAS DONDA

1957

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1958EUROPEAN COMMISSION

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1987

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1992

EUROPEAN UNION

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1951

ECSC

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1973

NEW COUNTRIES

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1979EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

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1990

SCHENGEN

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1985

EUROPEAN ANTHEM

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ERASMUS

EEC

EURO

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EUROPEAN MOTTO

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BREXIT

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EUROPEAN YEARS

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1985

The European Union has adopted Beethoven's "Ode to Joy" from his Ninth Symphony, composed in 1823, as its anthem. This choice reflects the EU's commitment to shared European values of freedom, peace, and solidarity. The anthem, which has no lyrics, represents not only the EU but also Europe as a whole, originally adopted by the Council of Europe in 1972, it became the official anthem of the EU in 1985. The anthem's use is reserved for occasions with a European significance, aiming to celebrate the values that unite EU countries while respecting their national anthems.

9 MAY 1950

Europe Day held on 9 May every year celebrates peace and unity in Europe, this date marks the anniversary of the Shuman declaration that set out his idea for a new form of political cooperation in Europe, which would make war between Europe's nations unthinkable. Schuman's proposal is considered to be the beginning of what is now the European Union.

UNITED IN DIVERISTY

“United in Diversity” is the motto of the European Union and it was first used in 2000. This motto means that while the countries of the European Union are diverse in terms of their cultures, traditions, and languages, they are united in their efforts to work together for peace and prosperity. It shows that even though we are all different, we can come together to achieve common goals. This motto celebrates both the common values and the unique characteristics of each member nation, promoting cohesion and collective progress.

1990

The signing of the "Schengen Agreement" on June 19 1990, marked a significant milestone in European integration by eliminating border checks among member states. Named after the Luxembourg village of Schengen, where it originated, the agreement led to the establishment of the Schengen Area, this area, covering multiple European nations, allows citizens to cross internal borders without passport checks, improving travel convenience and efficiency. The agreement reflects a commitment to greater European integration and ease of movement, benefiting European citizens with simplified travel between participating countries.

1987

The Erasmus program, which began on June 15 1987 is designed for European students and educators in higher education, it allows students to study or train abroad, promotes cross-cultural understanding, provides financial support, allows for credit transfer and encourages collaboration among European higher education institutions. It's a significant initiative for internationalizing European education and enhancing academic opportunities.

European Year of Volunteering (2011): Focused on promoting and supporting voluntary activities across Europe, recognizing the significant contribution of volunteers to society.European Year of Citizens (2013): Centered on educating EU citizens about their rights and responsibilities while encouraging their active participation in the democratic processes of the EU.European Year for Development (2015): Aimed at informing Europeans about the EU's role and achievements in global development cooperation, urging them to engage in efforts to eradicate poverty and encrease sustainable development worldwide.European Year for Active Ageing (2012): Raised awareness about the opportunities and challenges associated with ageing, promoted healthy and active ageing, emphasized intergenerational solidarity, and support for the social inclusion of the elderly.

25 MARCH 1957

The 6 founding countries decided to expand the cooperation to other economic sectors, they formalised this by signing tow treaties, creating the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom)

1992

On February 7 1992, the Treaty on European Union was signed in Maastricht a city in the Netherlands, this historic agreement, commonly known as the Maastricht Treat took effect on November 1 1993, and had a significant impact on Europe. It led to the formation of the European Union (EU) and introduced key elements like a shared currency, the Euro, and the idea of European citizenship, the treaty improved cooperation and integration among European nations in different policy areas, ultimately promoting increased unity and influence on the world stage.

LEAVING EU

The European Union (EU) has 27 member countries, with the UK being the only one to have left, a process called Brexit, finalized on January 31, 2020. Leaving the EU involves notifying the European Council, negotiating agreements, and gaining approval from the Council and European Parliament. The EU has an Entry/Exit System (EES) for non-EU nationals at its borders, digitizing traveler information to enforce Schengen Area rules.

18 APRIL 1951

In 1951 6 countries, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Germany (Federal Republic) came together to set up the ECSC to organise the free movement of coal and steel and to free up access to sources of production, this was the origin of the EU institutions as we know them today.

1973

On 1 Jenuary 1973 Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom joined the European Community raising the number of member countries to 9.

The European Commission, established in 1958 and it’s located in Brussels, Belgium, is led by President Ursula von der Leyenz, the key roles include proposing new laws to safeguard EU interests, managing policies and allocating funding, enforcing EU law, and representing the EU internationally. The Commission serves as the only EU institution proposing laws for adoption, manages EU policies and budgets, ensures proper application of EU law, and represents the EU in international negotiations and bodies, especially in trade and humanitarian aid.

The European Parliament, established in 1979 through direct elections, is a crucial component of the EU's decision-making process, serving as the legislative branch, it represents EU citizens and performs key roles such as proposing and adopting legislation, approving the EU budget, overseeing other EU institutions, and ensuring citizen representation. Members are elected every five years, the current President is Roberta Metsola. The Parliament operates primarily in Brussels, Belgium.

EUROPEAN CURRENCY

The Euro is the currency used in 20 out of 27 EU member countries which together constitute the Eurozone, officially called the euro area, however there are seven EU member states that have not adopted the Euro. These countries are:Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Sweden.