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DMH Presentation

Transcript

Juvenile Alternative Resolution (JAR)Program

Suffolk County District Attorney's Office

What is JAR?

  • A 6-9 month formal diversion program created in 2017 by the Suffolk County District Attorney's office (SCDAO) for youth
  • We promote pro-social activities in school and the community
    • JAR is voluntary, relying on engagement and partnership
  • Successul completion of the program = case dismissed!
  • Youth 12-18 who have been charged with middle to high tier juvenile delinquency cases

Who Does JAR Serve?

  • Often, the program is the young person's first encounter with the juvenile justice system, and we work to make it their last
  • Suffolk County (Boston, Chelsea, Revere, Winthrop)
  • JAR does not accept cases involving firearms, sexual assault, or serious bodily injury

Process for a JAR Referral

In-Court Referral

Introduction

Intake

  1. ADA reviews complaint and runs BOP to determine eligibility
    1. The youth needs more support than informal diversion, but their case is a better candidate for diversion than arraignment,
    2. Ineligible charges: firearms, sexual assault, serious bodily injury
  2. ADA offers JAR to the defense attorney who presents the program and paperwork to youth/family
  1. ADA sends completed paperwork to JAR team and case is assigned
Juvenile courts: Boston, Chelsea, Dorchester, West Roxbury

Referral Process

  • The assigned coordinator calls or meets with youth and guardian to explain the diversion process and expectations
    • There is manner of urgency to outreach
      • Case processing
      • Young person's connection to alleged offense

Introduction

  • Intake questions structured to answer the YLS/CMI 2 Risk Assessment
  • Normally conducted in a neutral, safe space, like school, in the community or court (if easiest)
  • 1:1 with the Coordinator (1.5-2 hours)
    • Allows both parties to share freely in a safe space
    • Information is confidential
    • Get to know the youth-strengths and needs; self-awareness and future goals; relationships
  • 20-60 minute intake with guardian
  • Gather school records
  • Speak with all collaterals-mentors, coaches, teachers, counselors, DCF social workers, CBOs

Intake

Who knows what this hormone and neurotransmitter is?
The "Bonding" Neurotransmitter

Oxytocin!!

What can Oxytocin help us with?

These interactions enable us to build the plan and support network for our JAR participants

  • Interplay with the environment
    • Feel Safe
  • Eye Contact
    • Lowers stress
    • Builds trust landing
  • Social Bonding
  • Amplifier

What is your greatest accomplishment?

Do other people think you have a problem with your temper?

Do you get angry about things?

Tell me what you are most proud of

How do you think others would describe you?

List 3 words to describe yourself

Please form groups of 2s and 3s. Two Roles-Clinician and a young person that you have met with in your career

Self-Reflection in Pairs

Feedback: How did people feel after that activity? As the young person, as the interviewer?
  • Young person feels more comfortable with the coordinator, having shared personal details throughout 1.5 hours
  • Certain expectations are set up, even implicitly
    • Coordinator is going to get me a job/therapist/activity
    • They will continue this relationship with me (calling, texting, meeting x amount of times, etc)
    • They are going to be actively involved in my life in a positive way
  • Young person trusts that what they share will be kept private and confidential

Intake Outcomes

JAR Process Continued

Risk Assessment

Service PlanAnd Engagement

Case Closeout

Intake questions target 8 YLS/CMI domains

  1. Prior and Current Offenses/Dispositions
  2. Family Circumstances/Parenting
  3. Education/Employment
  4. Peer Relations
  5. Substance Abuse
  6. Leisure/Recreation
  7. Personality/Behavior
  8. Attitudes/Orientation

How is Risk Assessment Used?

*In-person court appearances are waived as much as possible
*Breaking a rule is not automatic removal from the program

Service plan signing process

  1. Schedule service plan signing where coordinator reviews plan point-by-point with youth and guardian
  2. Youth and guardian sign 6-month plan
  3. Around the signing time, referrals are made to the organizations with and for the youth

  • Intake and risk assessment results highlight a youth's pressing needs
  • JAR Coordinator connects them to best fit community organizations, mental health resources, or extracurricular activities
    • Interests
    • Transportation
    • Long term sustainability
    • Existing supports
  • Purpose = connect youth to supports that improve their lives, not overwhelm them

Service Plan and Engagement

  • Coordinator will keep regular communication with youth
    • Meetings at school or in the community
    • Call/text
  • Coordinator is constantly supporting the young person's needs, often beyond the service plan
    • School transitions and attendance
    • Additional activities or employment desires
    • DCF custody and CRA/C&P cases
    • Housing
    • Referrals for other family members or romantic partners
    • Other court matters

Service Plan and Engagement

  • The youth's time in JAR ends on the end date of their 6-month service plan
  • Once their case is closed out, they receive a completion letter and their court charges are dismissed
  • If the young person decides to participate in this close out court date, the judge may celebrate with them!

Case Closeout

JAR Outcomes

-JAR removals; JAR success rates

Who Does JAR Serve?

  • JAR works with mid to high-level at-risk Suffolk County youth between the ages of 12-(up to) 18
  • For the majority of the youth that JAR works with, this is their first contact with the Juvenile Justice System
  • JAR is designed to make this their one and only touch point with the Juvenile Justice System

After completing the intake, the JAR coordinator completes a risk assessment that highlights the youth's strengths and weaknesses in order to create an individualized service plan that best addresses the youth's needs.

After completing the risk assessment, the JAR coordinator utilizes the findings from the assessment to find and connect youth to community supports.

JAR Process Continued

Risk Assessment

Service Plan Creation

Service PlanAnd Engagment

After creating the service plan, the JAR coordinator then meets with the youth and guardian to present the service plan and have both youth and guardian sign off on the plan. Once the service plan is presented, the youth begins their 6 months of programming. Once the service plan is signed, the JAR Coordinator conducts a warm hand-off, connecting the youth to their community supports.

Case Closeout

Once the youth has engaged in the service plan for approximately 6 months, their JAR case is able to close out. The youth is given a letter for their records and their charges are dropped prior to arraignment. Meaning they will not have a record. One great part of the program is that the community supports that the youth is connected to are long term supports they can utilize post program.

Oxytocin

The "Connecting" Hormone

What is JAR?

JAR is a 6-9 month voluntary formal diversion program through the Suffolk County District Attorney's Office (SCDAO). The JAR program seeks to promote pro-social behaviors in school, in the community for the young people that "opt-in". Successul completion of the program can yield a case disposal.

Process for a JAR Referral

Referral

-Courts: Dorchester, West Roxbury, Chelsea and Boston Juvenile-Juvenile ADAs review charges, run BOP and offer JAR to defense attroneyy-Defense attorney sits with family to complete partcipation agreement

Introduction

Once paperwork is signed by youth and guardian, the paperwork is sent to the JAR team and the youth is paired with a coordinator. Once they are paired, the coordinator makes contact with the family and youth to begin the JAR process. These introductions happen at court and/or over Zoom/phone call

Intake

-Coordinator Actions-schedule intro -set up guardian and young person intake-gather school records-speak to all collaterals to gather comprehensive view of young personThe JAR coordinator then schedules an intake with the youth and guardian. They also speak to school and any other supports the youth has.

  • Courts covered: West Roxbury, Dorchester, Chelsea, and Boston Juvenile Courts
  • The ADA reads complaint and runs BOP to determine eligibility for JAR
    • JAR takes middle to high-risk youth
    • Ineligible charges
      • FIrearms
      • Sexual Assault
      • Serious Bodily Injury
  • If eligible, ADA offers JAR to defense attorney who sits with family to complete the participation agreement
  • ADA sends completed paperwork to JAR team and case is assigned

Referral Process

-Coordinator Actions-schedule intro -set up guardian and young person intake-gather school records-speak to all collaterals to gather comprehensive view of young personThe JAR coordinator then schedules an intake with the youth and guardian. They also speak to school and any other supports the youth has.

-Coordinator Actions-schedule intro -set up guardian and young person intake-gather school records-speak to all collaterals to gather comprehensive view of young personIntake questions are based off of the YLS/CMI 2.0

  • Once the Coordinator schedules the intake with the youth and family, they reach out to school and any of the youth's other supports
  • Both the guardian and the youth intakes are conducted 1:1 with the Coordinator
    • Allowing both parties to feel they are in a safe space and can share freely
    • Due to our position, the information gathered during these intakes are not shared with the Attorneys
  • JAR uses the YLS/CMI 2 assessment
  • The Coordinator then obtains the youth's school records and speaks to the person at school that knows the youth the best
    • This is usually a guidance counselor or teacher
  • Once the Coordinator obtains all this information they are able to have a more holistic view of the youth as the only information provided prior to this is the police report, which does not represent the youth

Intake

  • Out intake questions are intended to "answer" YLS/CMI areas
    • 8 Domains:
      • Prior and Current Offenses or Dispositions
      • Family Circumstances/Parenting
      • Education/Employment
      • Peer Relations
      • Substance Abuse
      • Leisure/Recreation
      • Personality/Behavior
      • Attitudes/Orientation
  • Approach- Get to know you...The more we know, the better a service plan we can build
  • Can we start to help the young person to reflect, to recognize their strengths, their needs, and their trusted relationships
  • As coordinators, we glimpse communication style, personality interests, areas to build upon, and explore over course of time

Building Rapport Begins With A Risk Assessment??

  • Connecting
  • Social bonding
    • Lowers stress
    • Builds trust
      • Confidence
      • Communication
      • Honesty
  • Allows us to build the plan and support network for our JAR participants

What can Oxytocin help us with?

After completing the intake, the JAR coordinator completes a risk assessment that highlights the youth's strengths and weaknesses in order to create an individualized service plan that best addresses the youth's needs.

After completing the risk assessment, the JAR coordinator utilizes the findings from the assessment to find and connect youth to community supports.

JAR Process Continued

Risk Assessment

Service Plan Creation

Service PlanAnd Engagment

After creating the service plan, the JAR coordinator then meets with the youth and guardian to present the service plan and have both youth and guardian sign off on the plan. Once the service plan is presented, the youth begins their 6 months of programming. Once the service plan is signed, the JAR Coordinator conducts a warm hand-off, connecting the youth to their community supports.

Case Closeout

Once the youth has engaged in the service plan for approximately 6 months, their JAR case is able to close out. The youth is given a letter for their records and their charges are dropped prior to arraignment. Meaning they will not have a record. One great part of the program is that the community supports that the youth is connected to are long term supports they can utilize post program.

  • The risk assessment is a form that the JAR Coordinator fills out, breaking down the intake information into 8 categories:
    • Prior and Current Offenses/Dispositions
    • Family Circumstances/Parenting
    • Education/Employment
    • Peer Relations
    • Substance Abuse
    • Leisure/Recreation
    • Personality/Behavior
    • Attitudes/Orientation
  • All categories have subpoints that the Coordinator marks if it is applicable to the youth, or if the category is a strength for the youth
  • The categories are then counted for tallies or whether they are stengths and the Coordinator determines the risk level of the category (Low, Moderate, High)
  • The Coordinator then uses that information to determine the youth's risk level
  • The Coordinator uses this information to determine the youth's strengths and what areas need to be focused on for support

Risk Assessment

  • The Coordinator uses the information gathered from the risk assessment to determine the youth's top three needs and focus on providing support in those areas
  • The coordinator then determines which community based organization/organizations would best fit the youth's needs
  • Throughout the intake, the Coordinator finds out the youth's interests and hobbies and uses that information to create the service plan
  • The purpose of the service plan is to connect youth to supports that improve their lives, not overwhelm them
    • Some youth have therapists or jobs prior to JAR, this is kept in mind while creating the service plan
  • The coordinator then schedules a time to present this plan to the youth and their guardian

Service Plan Creation

if young person is in line with service plan ask to waive court dates to avoid school disruption
  • Once the service plan signing is scheduled, the youth and guardian meet with the Coordinator to go over the plan
  • The coordinator goes through the service plan point by point explaining it to the youth and guardian
  • Once all questions are answered and the service plan is explained the youth and guardian sign the plan, starting the youth's 6 months of programming
  • Once the plan is signed, the Coordinator makes referrals to the organizations with and for the youth, allowing them to begin engaging in services as soon as possible
  • One thing to note about the service plan is breaking a rule is not automatic removal from the program, their age is kept in mind and it is understanable that they may slip up, as they are young and youth make mistakes

Service Plan and Engagement

  • Get to know the youth. The more we know, the better a service plan we can build
  • Can we start to help the young person reflect and recognize their strengths, needs, and trusted relationships?
  • As coordinators, we glimpse communication style, personality interests, and areas to build upon and explore over time

APPROACH

Intake questions target 8 YLS/CMI domains

  1. Prior and Current Offenses/Dispositions
  2. Family Circumstances/Parenting
  3. Education/Employment
  4. Peer Relations
  5. Substance Abuse
  6. Leisure/Recreation
  7. Personality/Behavior
  8. Attitudes/Orientation

Building Rapport Begins With A Risk Assessment??