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Transcript

Theory in Stranger Things

so you need to remember the theorists

THEORIES!

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Click on the theorists to find out about their theory.

In preparation for the mock we need to be familiar with the representation theorists and be able to apply them or discuss them in relation to Stranger Things.Let's get started.

Representation in Stranger Things

Video One

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GILROY

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usefulness of gilroy theory

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Van Zoonan

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Van Zoonan

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usefulness of van zoonan theory

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GAUNTLETT

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gauntlett

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HALL

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hall

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usefulness of hall theory

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butler

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butler

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usefulness of butler theory

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hooks

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hooks

Click on the link button on the screen to reveal how we could discuss the usefulness or otherwise of the theory and add to your notes.

usefulness of butler theory

Click on the link on the screen to reveal your question. Use the essay planning handout to plot your structure to your response using your notes from this session. You will then complete the question but will only have 25 mins to answer.

Representation in Stranger Things

Exam style question

Given its historical setting does the representation of the past suggest that identities were more fixed in the 1980s than they are now?

Women are often objectified (viewed as sexual objects) in media representations.

Which characters challenge normative gender roles?

Question

Media representations offer us a range of diverse and contradictory messages about identity, with the media being used by audiences to explore and express their identities.

Summary

Which characters’ performance of gender roles conform to social expectations?

Question

Women are objectified in media representations in patriarchal culture; gender identity is determined by cultural and historical contexts.

Does online fan culture for Stranger Things offer self-expression to audiences?

How does Stranger Things represent the social position of female characters in 1980s America?

How is ethnicity represented in Stranger Things? Describe their character, personality and social status. Can it be described as positive or negative?

Question

What social groups (gender, age, disability, social status, ethnicity, sexuality) are represented and who is not represented?

Question

Question

What attitudes to ethnicity are evident? How do people behave towards characters from an ethnic background?

Are some social groups represented in contradictory ways (e.g. are there representations of different male identities?)?

A key focus for representation analysis should be on who or what is represented, who or what is not represented, and suggestions of difference. Representations may intend to fix meanings in a ‘preferred reading’, but audiences can contest meanings.

Summary

Are there any messages suggested about different identities (e.g. gender, social class, sexuality) in episode 1?

Question

Do you think Stranger Things depict a patriarchal society? Explain your answer.

Question

Are characters treated differently based on how they perform gender roles?

Question

Can you identify a preferred reading encoded by the producers based on these representations?

Feminist critiques of the media focus on challenging patriarchal and sexist representations. hooks argues for an intersectional approach considering how identities such as race, class and sexuality contribute to oppression alongside gender.

Summary

How is gender represented in Stranger Things? Positive, negative, stereotypical?

Question

Butler argues that gender identity is not something we are born with, it is something expressed through the performance of gender roles. Gender is constructed through the performance of socially learned behaviours rather than expressed by them.

Summary

Is there a difference between the way male and female characters are represented in episode 1?

Question

How do identities other than gender (e.g. social class, ethnicity) impact on the social position of the female characters?

Question