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Transcript

Cardivascular

By Korinne Janezich

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Blood clot, Coronary artery embolism, coronoary spasm, coronary artyery dissection

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Agina discomfort that worsens without exertion. Impairs cardiac function but hasnt caused cell death

Acute and syndrome refer to the sudden symptoms from coronary artery narrowing or occlusion

Acute conornary syndrome

Unstable agina

Myocardial Infarction

Signs & Symptoms

Risk Factors

Most common cause

A condition when the blood supply to the heart muscle is reduced or blocked usually by fat deposits

Chest pain, pain spreads quickly to the jaw, left shoulder/ arm, abdomen pain, shortness of breath. 20% of patients have no symptoms

Aging, family history of heart disease, smoking, diabties, hypertension, high cholestrol, obesity

When a portion of the heart muscle dies from lack of adequate blood supply (Heart Attack)

Shortness of breath, difficulty swallowing, if raptured can cause severe back pain, dizziness, "ripping sensation" in the chest

Aortic Aneurysm

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Signs &Symptoms

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Aortic Dissection

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Signs &Symptoms

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Two types of life threatening injuries that occur in the aorta

Type A &Type B

AorticAneurysm & Dissection

If the dissection is in In the Ascending Aorta, Its type A

All other dissections are called type B

Severe in pain in either back or chest depending on tear,

When a tear occurs in the inner lining of the aorta and blood enters causing a seperation of layers in the aortic wall

A weakened section of the aortic wall begins to dilate into a balloon shape, outward from the pressure exterted by the blood flow

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When the blood clot travels through the veins to the lungs

Injury to vein, infection, slow blood from immobilaztion, genetics, birth control

When the body has a wound or cut, a clot forms on the inside to heal the wound, when the wound is healed, the clot dissolves, but when it doesnt it can gorw causing a blockage in the vein. Blood clots can aslo occur without a wound

Swelling, Redness, chest pain

When a blood clot forms in the arms or legs

Pulmonary Embolism

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Causes

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Signs &Symptoms

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When a blood clot forms in the veins and travels around the body blocking blood flow

Deep Vein Thromboembolism

Venous means veinsThrombo means Blood clotEmbolism means circulating particles that causes an obstruction

RISK FACTORS

Thromboembolism

Left Ventricular Failure

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Right ventricular failure

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Causes

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When the right ventricle fails, blood backs up into the venous system

Severe dyspnea, tachycardia, anxiety, tachypnea, cynosis

Signs &Symptoms

When the left ventricle cannot pump blood out of the left ventricle effectively reducing blood flow to the arteries and perfusion

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When the right, left or both ventricles are failing to adequately eject enough blood for the bodies needs

Heart Failure

From valve disorder, hypertension, pulmonary embolism, cardiac rythm disturbance, pregnancy, viral illnesses or drugs

Very Well Health (2024)

https://www.verywellhealth.com/non-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-nstemi-1746017

Medmovie (No date)

https://medmovie.com/topic/cvml_0402a/aortic-aneurysm-and-aortic-dissection/

Health Jade (2019)

https://healthjade.net/thromboembolism/

Nurselabs (2016)

https://nurseslabs.com/cardiovascular-care-nursing-mnemonics-tips/

Nurselabs (2016)

https://nurseslabs.com/cardiovascular-care-nursing-mnemonics-tips/