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Transcript

HISTORY OF AI

1950s

The Turing Test

1956

The Birth of AI

1966

ELIZA

1997

Deep Blue Beats Kasparov

2014

Chatbots and Virtual Assistants

1980

Expert Systems

2012

Deep Learning Breakthrough

2016

AlphaGo Beats Lee Sedol

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Google DeepMind's AlphaGo defeated world champion Go player Lee Sedol, marking a landmark achievement in AI. Go is a complex board game that had long been considered a challenge for AI due to its intricate strategy and depth.

Although Siri was introduced in 2011, 2014 was a significant year for the development of AI-powered virtual assistants with the introduction of Alexa and Cortana, showcasing advances in natural language understanding and speech recognition.

Geoffrey Hinton's team won the ImageNet contest with AlexNet, a convolutional neural network (CNN), sparking huge interest in deep learning after outperforming all rivals.

IBM's Deep Blue became the first computer chess-playing system to beat a reigning world chess champion, Garry Kasparov. This event marked a significant achievement in the development of AI algorithms and computing power.

The 1980s saw the rise of expert systems, AI programs designed to solve complex problems by mimicking the decision-making abilities of human experts. One of the most famous expert systems of this era was MYCIN, developed to diagnose blood infections.

Joseph Weizenbaum created ELIZA, an early natural language processing computer program that demonstrated the superficiality of communication between humans and machines, thereby laying foundational concepts for future chatbots and NLP applications.

The Dartmouth Conference is often considered the official birth of AI as a field of research. They posited that any "feature of intelligence can in principle be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it."

Alan Turing introduced the Turing Test in his paper "Computing Machinery and Intelligence," proposing a criterion for a machine's ability to exhibit intelligent behavior equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, that of a human.