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IVÁN RUIZ JIMÉNEZ 4A

FIRST WORLD WAR

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INDEX

Front page

Historical Context

Sides of war

Causes

Sarajevo attack

Phases

Exit of Russia

Russian crisis

Consecuences

10

Treaty of Verdalles

11

2 Industrial Revolution

12

Images

13

End

FIRST WORLD WAR

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-Triple Entente (Press here)

-Triple Alliance (Press here)

Historical context

-The First World War was an armed conflict between many countries in Europe. They clashed over territorial conflicts, colonial conflicts and economic rivalities. They divided into two sides: The cause of the First World War was Germany and Russia.

Dates:

-June 8: attack in Sarajevo, the heir to the Austro-Hungary throne is killed. -July 28: Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia. -August 1: Germany declares war on Russia. -August 4: Germany declares war on France. -August 4: Declaration of war by the United Kingdom on Germany. -August 5: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia. -August 23:Declaration of war from Japan to Germany. -November 3: Declaration of war by the Ottoman Empire on the Netherlands.

Causes:

-The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, and his wife, Archduchess Sofia, in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, began hostilities, which began in August 1914, and continued for several years. fronts during the following four years.-Deep causes: Territorial conflicts between great colonial powers and economic rivalries due to commercial competition.

Sarajevo attack:

-The Sarajevo crisis or July crisis was a diplomatic crisis that took place between June 28 and August 6, 1914 with the Sarajevo attack in which Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, was assassinated. and his wife. -It was the beginning of the First World War.

Phases:

-Phase 1: War of movement (in 1914) -Germany planned a quick attack on France. The Triple Entente stopped the Germans in the Battle of the Marne. Russia will also begin its attack but will fail at Tannenberg. -Phase 2: Trench Warfare (1915–1917) -The network of trenches between both sides characterized the war during these years in the western part of Europe. -Creation of new weapons: hand grenades. flamethrowers and asphyxiating gases. Phase 3: The crisis of 1917 (in 1917) -The Russians withdrew from the fight over the Russian crisis and signed a peace agreement (Brest Litvosk) ceding large territory to Germany. -The United States enters the war in favor of the Triple Entente. Phase 4: The end of the war (in 1918) -The Germans attempt an offensive but fail, and the Triple Entente counterattack forces Germany to retreat.

Russian crisis:

-Russia left the First World War due to the internal crisis in 1917, ceding part of its territory to Germany in the peace treaty. -The term Russian Revolution groups together all the events that spontaneously led to the overthrow of the Tsarist regime and the prepared establishment of another Leninist regime between February and October 1917.

Consecuences:

-A huge loss of human lives and material resources. -The collapse of four great imperial dynasties. -The so-called “Spanish flu” spread throughout the world. -The geopolitical reorganization of Europe. -The signing of the Treaty of Versailles. -The rise of communism in Russia.

Treaty of versalles:

-The Treaty of Versailles was a peace agreement signed at the end of the First World War by more than 50 countries, which officially ended the state of war between the Germany of the Second Reich and the Allies of the First World War. -Territorial clauses: France recovered Alsace and Lorraine. -Germany lost all its hills. Military Clauses: -Drastic limitation of the German war fleet. -Prohibition of having tanks and heavy artillery. -War reparations: -Germany will be responsible for the war and will be obliged to pay compensation to the winners. -Other clauses: -Germany did not join the League of Nations. -Germany after signing the treaty will be eager for revenge.

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2 INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

-The Second Industrial Revolution was a process of technical innovations and economic transformations that began approximately 1870 and extended until the start of the First World War in 1914. It was a time of important economic and social changes derived from accelerated technological development.

11

IMAGES:

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-The Triple Alliance was made up of: Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy, which did not support the Triple Alliance and later changed sides to the Triple Entente. The Triple Alliance was the loser in the First World War.

Triple Alliance:

-The Triple Entente was the winner in the First World War and was made up of: France, Russia, the United Kingdom and Serbia and later the United States joined. Russia abandoned the Triple Entente due to the Russian crisis in 1917.

Triple Entente: