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the gospel of wealth



andrew carnegie

    • Scottish-born American industrialist.
    • Led the expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century.
    • Directed philanthropic projects.

HIs most famous work

    • Wrote "The Gospel of Wealth" in June 1889
    • The article describes the responsibility of the upper class

'How does Andrew Carnegie argue for the responsible administration of wealth in his essay and what implications does he suggests for the betterment of the society as a whole?'


1. Analysis of the essay and quotes from the text

2. Ideology of the Social Darwinism

3. Controversy and similarities with the 21st century.

"duty of the man of Wealth""modest, unostentatious living""consider all surplus revenues [...] as trust funds, which he is called upon to administer"

ANALYSIS AND Quotes from the text

line 28

" The man who dies thus rich dies disgraced"

page 16-17

"the employer of thousands is forced into the strictest economies, [...], and often there is friction between the employer and the employed, between capital and labor"

first lines of the text

PAGE 16, PAGE 24

"fortunes here spoken of [...] are required for the comfortable maintenance and education of families""a free library in the city of New York"


"There are but three modes in which surplus wealth can be disposed of"


"Of every thousand dollars spent in so-called charity to-day, it is probable that nine hundred and fifty dollars is unwisely spent"


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    • The term "Social Darwinism" first appeared in Europe then spread through the USA and UK
    • Charles Darwin's theory of "natural selection"
    • It does not mean that the rich should hoard their wealth

ideology of the social darwinism

"survival of the fittiest"

    • comparable eras of massive inequaliy, the 1920s
    • wealthy cheefs signing a giving pledge which promised to give away half of their wealth


    • unions, socialists and those in poverty would desagree with him
    • upper classes of the society would agree with him


  • Iphilanthropy has the potential to address social inequalities and promote social progress.
  • His arguments underscore the transformative potential of wealth when used responsibly and conscientiously for the betterment of all.
  • He has a pov of an immigrant .who rose up through society and became an extremely successful businessman.

the end


  • Gospel of Wealth” and Social Darwinism in the Gilded Age by Fred Raphae
  • "The Gospel of Wealth" APUSH Simplified
  • "Carnegie's Gospel of Wealth explained
  • "The Gospel of Weealth" by Andrew Carnegie

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