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EUROPE UNION AND EURO
THE WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION
BOURBONS
ADOLFO SUÁREZ AND FELIPE GONZÁLEZ.
SPANISH CONSTITUTION 1978
JUAN CARLOS KING OF SPAIN
FRANCO´S DICTATORSHIP
SECOND REPUBLIC
CIVIL WAR
PRIMO DE RIVERA
20th CENTURY
SECOND REPUBLIC
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
19th CENTURY
  • FRENCH REVOLUTION 1789 - 1799.
  • SPANISH WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 1808-1814.
  • CONSTITUTION OF CADIZ 1812
  • THE DECLINE OF THE SPANISH EMPIRE.
  • ISABELII
  • CONSTITUTION 1869
  • FIRST REPUBLIC 1873
  • ALFONSO XII
18th CENTURY
THE ENLIGHTENMENT
FELIPE V
CARLOS III

THE EARLY MODERN AGE AND THE MODERN SPAIN

LATE 18th CENTURY. THE END OF THE EARLY MODERN AGE.

  1. THE WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION (1701-1713).
  2. THE BORBOUN KINGS. FELIPE V (1700 - 1746) AND CARLOS III (1759-1788).
  3. THE ENLIGHTENMENT
  4. THE RENAISSANCE, THE BAROQUE AND THE GOLDEN AGE.

INDEX

  • The War of the Spanish Succession broke out when the Spanish king Charles II died without an heir.
  • Charles II did not want his empire to be broken up after he died.
  • He believed that only France would be able to keep all the Spanish territories together so he named Philip, Duke of Anjou (France), the grandson of Louis XIV of France, as his heir.
  • Nevertheless, Archduke Charles (Austria) had also the right to be the throne successor.
  • When Charles died in November 1700 Louis announced that his grandson was the new king of Spain as Philip V. He then invaded the Spanish Netherlands.
  • However, Some European territories didn´t want Philip V as a king because the power wouldn´t be balanced.

1.

THE WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION (1701-1713).

  • For this reason, the Holy Roman Empire (Austria, Germany, Bohemia- today Czech Republic, Switzerland, Netherlands and parts of Italy), England, Saboya and Portugal made up the Grand Alliance supporting Archduke Charles.
  • France and Spain supported Philip V.
  • The War of the Spanish Succession began in 1701 and it ended in 1713 with the Treaties of Utrecht.
  • Philip V would keep Spain and the Spanish colonies, but he would give up his claim to become king of France. Nevertheless he also lost Gibraltar and Minorca(ceded to Britain), Naples, Milan, Sicily, Sardinia and Spanish Netherlands (ceded to Austria)

1.

THE WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION (1701-1713).

Treaties of Utrecht.

  • Because of the conflicts of interest between the former allies, the representatives of the different countries met to reach an agreement.
  • The first group of treaties was signed at Utrecht (Netherlands) in April 1713.
  • Philip V remained king of Spain, but the treaties of Utrecht marked the rise of the power of Britain and the British colonial empire at the expense of both France and Spain.

Treaties of Utrecht.

  • CARLOS III, ruled Spain in the second half of the 18th century (1759-1788).
  • He made many changes to improve the country and the lives of the Spanish people.
  • He chose efficient ministers that helped him to improve Spain´s cities, roads, education, agriculture, industry and trade. He built publich hospitals in the cities and introduced street lighting, rubbish collection services, streets paved with cobblestones and sewage network.
  • FELIPE V ruled with absolute power in the first half of the 18th century (1700-1746).
  • He centralised the government and he also eliminated local laws and institutions.
  • He declared Spanish the only official language and introduce a new law called "Ley Sálica", which prohibited women from becoming queen.
  • He divided Spain into provinces.

2.

THE BORBOUN KINGS.

  • The quest of logic and reason in the 17th century gave rise to further new social and political ideas in the 18th century often called "The Enlightenment".
  • The scientific researches of the 17th century had begun a widespread process of examination and exploration of the world and, as a result, in the 18th century great encyclopedias were published.
  • The Enlightenment also represented a search for happiness, justice and knowledge, in music, romance, travel, philosophy and politics.
  • It was a time of intellectual growth and innovation, with philosophers such as Voltaire and Kant; the composer Mozart or political thinkers such as Rousseau.

3.

THE ENLIGHTENMENT