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English writing skills

Sentence

sentence

A group of words that makes complete sense.It can be statement, question, exclamation or command.

Elements- noun- phrases-complement- DI/ IO- conjunctions- predicate

Subject

A place, thing, animal that receives the action of the verb. Usually, is the first thing that appears in the sentence.

example: Bulma is pretty

Do: it suffers from the action of the verb.

iO: the one that benefits from the action of the verb.

EXAMPLE: the president left his wife (O.I) much money (O.D)

Example: Bulma is pretty

Example: Bulma is pretty

It gives an attribute or quality to the subject, object, verb.

Describes the condition or state of being of the subject.

COMPLEMENT

VERB

Have one independent clause and this is its formula: subject + verb.It may also have an object and modifiers.

SIMPLE SENTENCE

Example: Goku (subject) won (verb)

Characteristics: • A simple sentence can be very effective. • It makes one direct point. • It is good for creating emphasis and clarity.

COMPOUND SENTENCE

In a compound sentence there are two or more independent clauses, joined by a comma, a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS) or a with a semicolon (;).

Characteristics: • A compound sentence coordinates two ideas and each idea is given roughly equal importance. • The two ideas are closely related, so you don’t want to separate them with a period. • The two clauses make up part of the same idea, so they should be part of the same sentence.

Formula: subject + verb, CC (coordinating conjunction) subject + verb

Formula: subject + verb, CC (coordinating conjunction) subject + verb

COMPOUND – COMPLEX SENTENCE.

A Complex compound sentence consist of two or more independent clauses plus one or more dependent clauses.

• She completed her history essay, but she still needs to work on her redaction even though she finished her English writter course last semester. *Independent Clause #1: She completed her history essay. * Dependent Clause: but she still needs to work on her redaction *Independent Clause #2: even though she finished her English writter course last semester.

Rolando doesn’t like romance movies because they are so unrealistic, so he doesn’t watch them. *Independent Clause #1: Rolando doesn’t like romance movies. *Dependent Clause: because they are so unrealistic *Independent Clause #2: he doesn’t watch them

Dependent clauses can refer to the subject (who, which) the sequence/time (since, while), or the causal elements (because, if) of the independent clause.

A complex sentence contains, one independent clause and one dependent clause, or more.

COMPLEX SENTENCE

One idea is “subordinated” to the main idea by using a subordinate conjunction.

If a sentence begins with a dependent clause, use a comma after it, but if the sentence begins with an independent clause, a comma is not necessary to separate the two clauses, instead use a subordinate conjunction.

Characteristics: • When you make a complex sentence, you subordinate one idea to another.

Independent clause: An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. It is a complete idea. It contains a subject and a verb.

Dependent clause: A dependent clause is not a complete sentence. It must be attached to an independent clause to become complete.

Paragraph

PARAGRAPH

In a paragraph a main idea is developed through a series of related sentences. Also, A paragraph is quickly identified because it begins with a capital letter.

PARTS

We can divide the paragraph into three sections. the beginning, the middle, and the end.

The beginning= TOPIC SENTENCE • A preview of what the paragraph will be about. • It exposes the most important idea of all the sentences. • It needs to state one idea clearly. • In this section, the text starts to have meaning and coherence.

The middle= SUPPORTING SENTENCES • The most important part of the paragraph • They elaborate and explain the idea introduced in the topic sentence • They provide details, evidence, and examples to support the topic sentence. • This section can be longer or shorter depending on the content and the writer's preference.

The end= CONCLUDING SENTENCE• The ending line of the paragraph.• It should restate the main idea of the paragraph but in different words.• It could be an opinion based on the topic, or a way to wrap up the paragraph with a more general statement.

CHARACTERISTICS Cohesion: The linking and agreement between words and sentences. Coherence: the way sentences and ideas are distributed within the paragraph. Unity: the continuity of ideas in a paragraph. all sentences must point in the same direction. Rhythm: The speed is conditioned by the punctuation marks.

Short composition

A short composition is a brief piece of writing that conveys a specific idea or message. It typically consists of a few paragraphs and aims to express thoughts, opinions, or information concisely.

PARTS • INTRODUCTION • BODY • CONCLUSION

Essay

An essay is a piece of writing where you present your point of view, supported by evidence, ideas, and arguments, in response to a topic. It has three parts: introduction, body, and conclusión.

Introduction

it grabs the reader’s attention, and it presents the topic of the essay clearly.

• hook (To grab the reader’s attention)

• background information (context about the topic)

• Thesis statement (summarizes the essay's argument)

In this part you can provide facts, evidence, examples, and logical reasoning to support the argument of the essay.

Body (paragraphs)

Restructure the thesis statement.

brings the essay to a close.

Conclusion

Summarize the main points of the essay.

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Staff members

References

Educative. (s. f.). Basic elements of a paragraph - Educative Technical Writing Workshop Guidelines. https://www.educative.io/educative-technical-writing-workshop/basic-elements-of-a-paragraph Elements of a Sentence. (2014, 30 agosto). Englishtipsblog. https://englishtipsblog.wordpress.com/elements-of-a-sentence/ Hunt, F. (s. f.). Paragraphs: characteristics, types, structure, elements - science - 2024. Warbletoncouncil. https://warbletoncouncil.org/caracteristicas-del-parrafo-15046#menu-2 Kelkar, N. (2023a, diciembre 5). What Is an Essay? Structure, Parts, and Types. PaperTrue. https://www.papertrue.com/blog/what-is-an-essay/ Kelkar, N. (2023b, diciembre 5). What Is an Essay? Structure, Parts, and Types. PaperTrue. https://www.papertrue.com/blog/what-is-an-essay/ Lbusby. (2022, 17 agosto). What are the key elements of a good essay? Deakin Life. https://blogs.deakin.edu.au/deakinlife/2022/08/19/what-are-the-key-elements-of-a-good-essay-6/#:~:text=Essay%20basics,-An%20essay%20is&text=Essays%20commonly%20contain%20the%20following,body%20paragraphs%20and%20a%20conclusion LibGuides: Writing strong paragraphs: Paragraph Structure. (s. f.). https://libguides.newcastle.edu.au/writing-paragraphs/structure Schechter, S. (2022, 22 agosto). The Basic Elements of a Sentence. Pressbooks. https://pressbooks.bccampus.ca/communicating/chapter/chapter-7/ Taxmann. (2023, 9 noviembre). What is Sentence? It’s Structure and Types of Sentence. Taxmann Blog. https://www.taxmann.com/post/blog/what-is-sentence-its-structure-and-types-of-sentence/ THE PARTS OF a SHORT COMPOSITION. (s. f.). https://slideplayer.com/slide/4523781/ Three Types of Argumentative Essays. (2022, 14 mayo). Pen And The Pad. https://penandthepad.com/three-types-argumentative-essays-8500461.html Walden University Writing Center. (s. f.). https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/grammar/sentencestructure