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Transcript

Summerian

Empezar

History

Colegio virgen del romeral

1ºeso

Aitana, Martina I Y MARTINA B

Origins and History

The origins of the Sumerian civilization in Mesopotamia are still debated today, but archaeological evidence indicates that they established approximately a dozen city-states by the fourth millennium BC. They generally consisted of a walled metropolis dominated by a ziggurat: the stepped, pyramid-shaped temples associated with the Sumerian religion.

Index

Origins and History

Sacred places

Gods

Curious data

Believers

Where is it practiced?

Summerian

Uses and traditions

The end

Who are the Summerian?

The Sumerians were an ancient civilization that inhabited Asian Mesopotamia between 3500 and 1750 BC. C. Throughout their history, the Sumerians founded hundreds of city-states on the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, controlled by priests and military leaders who sought to impose their dominance in the region.

They were the Sumerians.They lived in Mesopotamia, Sumeria, Anatolia,...In Sumeria they lived 40.000 people aprox.

Believers

Where is it practiced?

Now there is no people that practice this religion but many years ago they practiced in the South of Mesopotamia and between the rivers Tigris and Eufrates.

Saint-Jacques’ Church in Montauban

Sacred places

Ziggurats were a type of temple common to the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians. The ziggurats were not the place where public events or ceremonies were held, but rather they were considered the abode of the gods.Was invented by the king Ur-Nammu in 2100 a.C.There are 32 ziggurats, four of them, are in Iran and the rest in Irak.

Uses and tradicions

Uses

tradicions

Sumerians invented or improved a wide range of technology, including the wheel, cuneiform script, arithmetic, geometry, irrigation, saws and other tools, sandals, chariots, harpoons, and beer.

The Sumerians originally practiced a polytheistic religion, with anthropomorphic deities representing cosmic and terrestrial forces in their world. The earliest Sumerian literature of the third millennium BC identifies four primary deities: An, Enlil, Ninhursag, and Enki.

Curious data

1. They were the first people, that we know of, to assign symbols to groups of objects in an attempt to make the description of larger numbers easier.2. Sumerian and Babylonian mathematics was based on a sexagesimal, or base-60, number system, which could be counted using twelve knuckles on one hand and five fingers on the other hand.

Gods

Nammu was the Goddess who gave birth to the first deities

An is the God of Heaven

Ki is the Goddess of the Earth

The Goddess Gula was a healing Goddess who understood the ways of disease and illness

Ereshkigal is the Goddess of Death and Gloom

Utu was the Sumerian God of the Sun

Nanna was the God of the Moon

Enki was a great Sumerian Water God

Enlil was one of the most important gods in the pantheon

In Sumerian culture, the Goddess Inanna was the most important female deity

tHE END

We hope you have learned a lot about Sumerian.

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