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ravenstein: My laws of migration

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The year is 1885. I wrote an article in the Statistical Society in England titled, “Laws of Migration”. In this article I explained many migration patterns between towns and cities.

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During the nineteenth century, there was an influx of people moving all around Europe, and in and out of North America. The industrial revolution, and the advent of the railroads encouraged people to leave farms and relocate to urban areas in search of a better life for themselves and their families.

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RAVENSTEIN'S LAWS OF MIGRATIONUsing the data from my studies, I deduced that migration happens in patterns. So, I wrote them down, and named them after myself, of course!

1. Every migration flow generates a return or counter-migration.2. The majority of migrants move a short distance.3. Migrants who move longer distances tend to choose big-city destinations.

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RAVENSTEIN'S LAWS OF MIGRATIONDid you think there were only 3? Nope! I came up with 11 Laws to explain why people migrate.

4. Urban residents are less migratory than rural residents.5. Families are less likely to make international moves than young adults.6. Most migrants are young adults, and families are less likely to migrate internationally than young adults.

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RAVENSTEIN'S LAWS OF MIGRATIONThese 11 Laws cover internal, and international migration patterns.

7. Most international migrants are young males, but the gender balance depends on the nature of the migration.8. Economic factors are the main cause of migration.9. The decision to migrate is influenced by both push and pull factors.

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RAVENSTEIN'S LAWS OF MIGRATIONThey focus on rural to urban migration, long and short distance migration, and economics as being a main reasons people migrate.

10. There is a process of step-by-step migration.11. There is a correlation between the volume of migration and the distance covered.

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RAVENSTEIN'S LAWS OF MIGRATIONKeep in mind that these laws are generalizations based on observations made in the late 19th century, and while they provide a framework for understanding migration patterns, contemporary migration studies recognize the need for more nuanced and context-specific explanations.

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RAVENSTEIN'S LAWS OF MIGRATIONAlso keep in mind that this information will be on your Unit 2 test.