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Unit 8WWll

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The Rise of Dictators in the 1930s


U.S. Isolationism


The Holocaust


The United States Declares War


The United States Mobilizes for War


The War in Europe


The War in the Pacific


American on the Homefront


Japanese American Internment


Transition to Peace


Appeasement means giving in to an aggressor's demands to avoid a conflict. Hitler promised that he would not seek any other territory after securing Sudetenland. Great Britain and France trusted him and appeased him by signing the Munich Agreement

Roosevelt promised to help the United Kingdom fight Nazi Germany by giving them military supplies while the United States stayed out of the actual fighting due to pressue from isolationistsThe Soviet Union and Nazi Germant formed a secret arangement in which

agreed that they would divide Poland between them, restoring the land each country claimed was rightfully theirs.

Battle of Midway

Allied forces in the Pacific, used the intelligence to locate the Japanese fleet and attack it with dive bombers and superior Allied submarine strength. The result was devastating for the Japanese navy.

From 1939 to the middle of 1942, Japan expanded the size of the area it controlled in Asia and the Pacific.

After the battles of the Coral Sea and Midway, the tide of war changed in the Allies' favor because the Japanese navy suffered greater losses.

V-J Day, September 2, 1945, was achieved after the United States deployed the atomic bomb against Japan at Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Before the war had come to an end, the Allied powers met at the Yalta Conference in February 1945 to talk about the future of Germany.

The purpose of the meeting was to discuss the postwar reorganization of Germany and Europe.

They planned to divide Germany into four zones, negotiating that France should be included among the Big Three in postwar German reorganization.

At Yalta, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States also agreed to convene a war crimes trial in Nuremberg, Germany.

On August 28, 1945, the Allied occupation of Japan began.

MacArthur's primary task was to establish a non-military and democratic government. The Japanese developed a new constitution with guidance from the United States and adopted it in 1947.

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 brought forth a wave of racist assumptions, paranoia, and distrust toward Japanese immigrants and Japanese Americans.

The U.S. government did not distinguish between Japanese immigrants, issei, and second-generation people of Japanese heritage that were American-born citizens.

President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which authorized the forced internment of people of Japanese heritage during World War II. Japanese Americans were ordered to dispose of their property and live in guarded prison camps for the remainder of the war. Most American people supported internment,

The U.S. government admitted that racial prejudice was the basis for the internment policy of World War II and sought to remedy the injustice with the passage of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988.

United States began an embargo, or ban the trade of certain materials, with Japan, First, it embargoed aviation gasoline and machine tools, and then scrap iron and steel. All of these resources were critical to Japan's war effort.

By the end of 1941, the United States would join the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union to form the Big Three allies against the Axis-Italy, Japan, and Germany

After Pearl Harbor, volunteers rushed to join the military

African Americans, Native Americans, and Asian Americans served their country despite continued segregation policies and the effects of racism.

Women contributed to the war effort in war industries, volunteer organizations, and enlisting in various all-female units in the military.

Although the Great Depression ended with the mobilization for war, the government continued to regulate labor, resources, and the economy.

American people sacrificed by conserving resources and purchasing war bonds to support the war effort.

dictators, single rulers with absolute authority, to rise to power. Joseph Stalin consolidated power among Communist Party leaders and emerged as dictator. Mussolini transformed the nation into a single-party totalitarian state and removed all limits on his power.Hitler thus effectively became the dictator of Germany and remained so long after the four-year term passed.

Conditions that led to the rise of Hitler- Extreme nationalism and a weakened economy

Japanese armed forces attacked and seized control over the Chinese region of Manchuria.

Unemployment virtually disappeared as Americans filled jobs created by the needs of the war effor

African Americans advocated for equal rights and opportunities through civil rights groups and campaigns such as the March on Washington Movement (MOWM), the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), and the Double V Campaign.

Competition for jobs and attitudes of racism resulted in riots targeting African Americans and Mexican Americans across the country during the war years.

President Roosevelt feared the civil unrest posed by the march would disrupt the war effort. A week before the march was scheduled to take place, he issued Executive Order 8802, known as the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC). The purpose of this committee was to ensure that there was no discrimination in the defense industries.

People of Japanese heritage experienced racial discrimination, suspicion, and hatred since their earliest immigration to the United States, however, these conditions intensified after the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Japanese Americans were ordered to dispose of their property and live in guarded prison camps for the remainder of the war.

Most American people supported internment

Japanese Americans maintained they were loyal to the United States despite their imprisonment and thousands served in the U.S. military.

By the spring of 1943, the Nazis organized an offensive to take Stalingrad, an important industrial city and a symbolic target named for the Soviet leader. The region also had rich oil fields that the Germans wanted to control.

German forces never regained the initiative in the East.

As Allied forces marched toward Berlin, they liberated extermination camps and concentration camps, revealing the full scale of the Holocaust. After almost a year of fighting, the British and American forces met with Soviet forces in Berlin resulting in the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany on May 8, 1945.

The Holocaust was the systematic destruction of over 6 million Jewish people in Europe by Nazi Germany.

The United Nations defines genocide as the: ". . . intent to destroy in whole or in part, national, ethnic, racial or religious groups, as such:

Nuremberg Laws, which became the legal basis for the persecution of Jewish people in Germany. The laws stripped people identified as Jewish of their German citizenship, public jobs, and personal property.

the Nazis created ghettos, segregated neighborhoods, to confine the Jewish population.

Nazi leadership agreed to begin the mass extermination of Jewish people in what they called the Final Solution to the Jewish Question or Final Solution.

Additional Resources

Completed Guided Notes

Review Game

Video Pt 1

Video Pt 2