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Transcript

Sociocultural

Learning Theories

Connectivism

Adult Learning Theory

References

By Rachael Spry

Sociocultural

Memory

Characteristics

Learning

Who?

Lev Vygotsky

- Cognitive development impacted by social interactions and culture- Emphasizes tools and scaffolds-Highlights collaborative interactions in learning and education

- Crucial for organizing thoughts and building links between past and present- Private speech aids in regulating thoughts and feelings, aiding cognitive development

- Occurs through social interaction with adults- Children build upon prior knowledge to acquire new skills- Internalization of structures leads to the proximal development zone

Connectivism

Memory

Characteristics

Learning

Who?

George SiemensStephen Downs

- Address learning in the digital age, emphasizing technology- Focuses on the rapid sharing and alteration of information- Highlights the increased connectivity among individuals and its impact on learning

- Learning involves continual reassessment of previously acquired knowledge- Technology - mediated learning requires mastering digital tools and discerning information validity

- Learning occurs through connections with others in a networked environment - Learniners need to discern patterns and order in vast amounts of available information- Emphasizes how to learn and prioritizing information

Adult Learning Theory

Memory

Characteristics

Learning

Who?

- Critical Reflection- Dialogue and engagement is diverse- Challenging existing knowledge structures

- Power - knowledge structures- Resisting oppressive ideologies - Shaping personal meaning making

Karl MarxPaulo FreireTheodore AdornoMichel FoucaultHoward Gardner

- Critical pedagogy- Challenging dominant power structures- Empowerment and emancipation- Lifelong learning

References

Stoica, I. (2023). Adult Learning Theory. Salem Press Encylopedia.Trudy Mercadal, P. (2021). Sociocultural Theory. Salem Press Encyclopedia.Ungvarsky, J. (2023). Connectivism. Salem Press Encyclopedia.