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GROUP 1

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RURAL LANDSCAPES

THe economic sectors

INDEX

useen elements of rural landscapes

rural landscapes

livestock farming

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forestry

mediterranean landscapes

volcanic landscapes

atlantic or oceanic andscapes

types of farming

rural landscapes in spain

elements of rural landscapes

The primary sector includes:

  • Arable farming
  • Livestock farming
  • Hunting
  • Forestry
The physical factor:
  • Geography and Topography
  • Climate
Human factors:
  • Agricultural Practices
  • Infrastructure Development

Rural landscapes

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  • Shape: irregular and regular
  • Boundaries: open-field systems and enclosed systems
  • Size: small holdings and large lands

ELEMENTS OF RURAL LANDSCAPES

How many products are produced: •Monoculture •PolycultureDepending on quantity of water: •Dry crops •Irrigated crops Depending on the use of space: •Intensive farms •Extensive farms.

Types of farming

Extensive livestock farm:•Animals graze in open meadows. •Family farms. •Herding. •Small numbers of animals. Intensive livestock farm: •Animals live inside modern buildings. •High level of productivity. •Common in places where there is not enough land. •It can damage the environment.

Livestock farming

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Exploitation of forests aswell as their maintenance:

  • They provide raw materials which are essential for life.
  • Forests need to be managed and replanted .

forestry

UNSEEN ELEMENTS OF RURAL LANDSCAPES

  • Ownership
Collective, private
  • Tenure
  • Type of production:
Subsistence farmingCommercial farming
  • North and north-east of Spain.
  • Wet, green and mountainous.
  • Moderate temperaturas and abundant precipitation
  • Smallholdings.
  • Intensive polyculture.

Atlantic or Oceanic landscapes

rural landscapes in spain

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  • The Canary Islands.
  • Good soil and the subtropical climate.
  • Smallholdings.
  • Crops that can be exported.
  • Use technology: irrigation and sanding.

volcanic landscapes

Interior Mediterranean climate
  • Cereal crops
  • Extensive farms
  • Many vineyards in Navarra and La Rioja

mediterranean landscapes

Group 1

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Forestry plans