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Transcript

01

02

03

Michael Shepard Knowles

George Siemans

Steven Downes

Lev Vygotsky

Adult LEarning theory

Connectivism

Socialcultural

Learning Theories Part 2

Verenice De Leon EDU-522

References

Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934)

  • Characteristics: Lev Vygostky beleived that learning developed through both social and cultural interations (Allman, n.d.). The Sociocultural Theory emphasizes the importance of social interactions and the major role language plays in learning.
  • Memory: A person is more likely to recall something by memory if a social intraction is connected.
  • Learning occurs within the Zone of Proximal Development which is where under guidance by a teacher or other knowledgable person, a student can learn to perform a task and solve problems independently (Learning Theories, n.d.).
  • Types of Learning: Interaction and collaboration are some of the types of learning that take place in the sociocultural theory. Through interactions and collaboration students are learning from one another and passing on their knowledge.

Sociocultural Theory

  • Characteristics: The Connectivism Theory focuses on how technology and internet can create new opportunites for learners. Individuals learn best by making ocnnections with others and shared expereinces. Educators can teach students how to safely use the web.
  • Memory: To learn, people must use their memory to build connections with others and expand their knowledge.
  • Learning occurs most through peer networking online and sharing their own expereinces (Learning Theories, n.d.).
  • Types of Learning: In the classroom, the Connectivism Theory can be incorporated through social media, gamifications and simulations (Western Governors University, 2021).

Connectivism Theory

George Siemens

Stephen Downes

  • Characteristics: The primary focus of the Adult Learning Theory is surrounded by the learning that happens after reaching adulthood. It is an on-going journey and requires for the adult to be a self directed and motivated learner (Learning Theories, n.d.). Children and adults learn differently and both should be taught differently based on life experiences and cognitive abilities.
  • Memory: Once reaching adulthood, memory slows down and the ability to recall new information also decreases. Learners reflect on new ideas based on prior knowledge and experiences.

Malcom Shepard Knowles(1913-1997)

Adult Learning Theory

  • Learning: Adults reach a point in their education where they see a value in learning and are focused making them self-motivated. At this stage learning is purposeful and many adults reflect back on their personal experiences throughout the process where as children are building new expereinces as they learn (Learning Theories, n.d.).
  • Types of Learning: Action learning revolves around on solving real world problems rather than just memorizing content followed by reflection on what was learned.

References:

Allman, B. (n.d.) Socioculturalism. Ed Tech Books. https://edtechbooks.org/studentguide/socioculturalism Learning Theories (n.d.). Andragogy – Adult learning theory (knowles). https://learning-theories.com/andragogy-adult-learning-theory-knowles.html#_ednref1. Learning Theories (n.d.). Connectivisim (siemens, downes). https://learning-theories.com/connectivism-siemens-downes.html Learning Theories (n.d.). Social development theory (vygotsky). https://learning-theories.com/vygotskys-social-learning-theory.html Western Governors University. (2021). Connectivism learning theory. https://www.wgu.edu/blog/connectivism-learning-theory2105.html