Want to make creations as awesome as this one?

Transcript

Learning Theories:Part 2

Lisa WilliamsGrand Canyon UniversityEDU-522Heather HamtilFebruary 7, 2024

๐Ÿ“„

Start

Learning theories

03

02

01

Adult Learning Theory

Connectivism Theory

Sociocultural Theory

Sociocultural Learning Theory

Major Theorist

Lev Vygotsky

Characteristics

Role of memory

Types of Learning

+info

+info

+info

Connectivism Theory

Major Theorist

George Siemens

Characteristics

We need to interact with each other. We learn collaboratively.

Role of memory

Siemens' 8 principles

Types of Learning

+info

How do we learn in the 21st century surrounded by technology?

+info

+info

Adult Learning Theory

Major Theorist

Malcom Knowles

Characteristics

We need to interact with each other. We learn collaboratively.

Role of memory

Types of Learning

+info

+info

+info

Utecht, J., & Keller, D. (2019). Becoming Relevant Again: Applying Connectivism Learning Theory to Today's Classrooms. Critical Questions in Education, 10(2), 107-119.

Schunk, D. H. (2012). Learning theories an educational perspective. Pearson Education, Inc.

Merriam, S. B. (2018). Adult learning theory. Contemporary theories of learning: Learning theorists... in their own words, 83-96.

Loveless, B (2023). 15 learning theories in education (A complete summary). Education Corner. https: //www.educationcorner.com/learning/theories/in/education/

References

Social interaction is vital for learning. It provides learners with feedback and it allows them to scaffold their understanding.Zone of Proximal Development is a central concept of the sociocultural theory. It is defined as the gap between what a child can do indepentely and what they could do with support (Loveless, 2023).

  • Andragogy: Adults learn based on their interests and hobbies which motivates them (Mirriam, 2018).
  • Adult learners are often self-directed. Unlike children, adults can set their own goals,find resources and monitor their progress (Mirriam, 2018).
  • Life-long learners: Adult learners view learning as an on-going process. They have a growth mindset and learn for personal development purposes.

Interaction

Learning does not occur without the input from other people. Interaction must happen so that knowledge and ideas can be shared.

Collaborative

Students learn by working with their peers. Teachers take the role as facilitator and mediate the process.

  • Learning is not just about knowing information and memorizing facts, but it is about applying the 8 principles developed by Siemens in order to create meaning for themselves (Uteckt & Keller, 2019).
  • Collaboration: With on-line platforms, students are able to give and receive information faster than ever before. This allows for individuals to collaborate on projects with others who may be on the other side of the world (Uteckt & Keller, 2019).
  • Self-directed: Students have access to an endless amount of information on the web. This allows them to pursue interests of study on their own. (Uteckt & Keller, 2019).

Learning in not just a cognitive process, instead, it's more of a holistic approach that involve the body, mind, and spirit. As we age, memory becomes more difficult therefore prior experience and knowledge becomes more important. Spirituality comes into play when adults try to make meaning of their lives.Learning occurs through self-directed guidance and motivation (Mirriam, 2018).

Learning takes place when one observes and imitates behavior. Memory is also based on your culture (Loveless, 2023).Zone of Proximal Development is how learning occurs in this theory. Students are encouraged to more challenging tasks with support and scaffolding (Shunk, 2012).

  • There is a distinction between adult learning and childhood learning
  • 3 foundational adult learning theories: andragogy, self-directed learning, and transformative learning Merriam, 2018).

Knowledge construction

Knowledge is continually evolving through interactions across networks.

Complex learning environments

Technology plays an important role in the learning process allowing for students to exchange info quickly

Network learning

Connecting with peers, network through on-line communities, social media platforms, and digital resources