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Recognizing Genre









  • Identify and explain at least three poetic devices in a given poem.
  • Analyze the tone, mood, and literary elements of a poem to interpret its meaning.

I will be able to recognize and analyze poetic devices and structural elements in poetry, leading to a deeper understanding of the poet's intended meaning.

I will express my interpretations of poems using academic vocabulary related to poetic devices and structure.

What will our lesson look like?

As we listen to this reading of "Hope is The Thing With Feathers" by Emily Dickinson, what are your initial thoughts and feelings after experiencing the poem?

Do Now:

Poetry is writing that uses qualities of language to evoke feelings in addition to simply conveying meaning. These qualities of language include sound, symbolism, imagery, and rhythm. Symbolism is the use of concrete objects to represent abstract ideas or qualities. Imagery is descriptive language used to appeal to the reader’s senses. of Rhythm is the pattern of unstressed and stressed syllables in a line of poetry.Poetry can appear in a variety of different forms. Some poems are closed form and have regular rhyme and rhythm. Other poems are free verse and have no regular rhyme or rhythm. All types of poetry share certain characteristics. Poems are meant to be read aloud so the reader can hear aspects of sound, rhythm, meter, and voice. Poems often have multiple meanings. To interpret multiple meanings of a poem, a reader must examine the literal meaning of the poem in conjunction with the figurative meanings that arise from analyzing the rhythm, sound, images, and symbols.*Watch StudySync Video



free verse poetry

closed form

noun descriptive or figurative language in a work of literature used to appeal to the reader’s senses

noun poems with no regular rhyme or rhythm

noun poems that have regular rhyme and meter





noun descriptive or figurative language in a work of literature used to appeal to the reader’s senses

noun the pattern of unstressed and stressed syllables in a line of poetry

noun a formal and intentional arrangement of words on a page


The genre of poetry has many forms or subgenres. For example, in this unit, you will read two different types of sonnets, two narrative poems, and two free-verse poems. Here are specific features of the subgenres of poetry we’re going to read in this unit:

A Shakespearean or Elizabethan sonnet consists of fourteen lines written in iambic pentameter—lines of ten syllables each with the accent falling on every second syllable. The fourteen lines are divided into three quatrains and an ending couplet. A quatrain consists of four lines with an ABAB CDCD EFEF rhyme scheme, and a couplet consists of two lines that rhyme. The poet usually establishes a theme or problem in the three quatrains and then resolves it in the couplet.Ex. "Sonnet 116"

Shakespearean or Elizabethan Sonnet

Lyric poetry is typically short, with a musical quality and a distinct mood, or emotional quality. It is usually written in the first person. Sonnets, ballads, and odes are examples of lyric poems.Ex: “Sonnet 116,” “How Do I Love Thee? (Sonnet 43)”

Lyric Poetry

Type of Fiction

Narrative poetry tells a story. Like a short story, a narrative poem can be told from the first-person, third-person limited, or omniscient point of view. Also, like a short story, a narrative poem contains elements such as characters, a plot, a setting, and a conflict that is resolved. It often includes dialogue. A narrative poem may have a regular meter and rhyme scheme, or it may be written as free verse.Ex: “Dusting,” “Redbird Love,” “A Song of Changgan,” “The Raven”

Narrative Poetry

A Petrarchan sonnet consist of fourteen lines divided into an octave and a sestet. An octave is eight lines long, typically with a rhyme pattern of ABBAABBA or ABBACDCD. The sestet consists of the remaining six lines and generally has a rhyme pattern of CDCDCD or CDECDE. There is a contrast between the octave and the sestet. For example, the octave may be set in the present, but the sestet may describe the past. Like the Shakespearean sonnet, the Petrarchan sonnet is written in iambic pentameter.Ex: “How Do I Love Thee? (Sonnet 43)”

Petrarchan Sonnet

Type of Fiction

"For me, writing is an intensely intimate activity that begins in absolute stillness, then progresses through a series of rewrites in which I try to make sure that what I've written is intelligible--that is, able to be felt by [a] stranger--and hopefully ends up in a resurrection of that original intimate experience, so that the reader will be drawn into the space that the poem has shaped and will feel what I as the writer have tried to create." - Rita Dove

Free verse adheres to no set rhythm, rhyme, or line lengths. Instead, free verse uses image patterns and the rhythm of normal speech to organize the lines. Its rhythms are based on sounds, words or phrases, sentences, or paragraphs. Poets often use enjambment—the continuation of a sentence or clause across line breaks—in unusual ways to create emphasis or effect. Ex: “Dusting,” “Redbird Love,” “A Song of Changaan”

Free-Verse Poetry

Type of Fiction