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By allowing the learners to look and listen, Montessori's Method allowed children to learn by doing while recognizing certain skills develop before others (Ornstein & Hunkins, 2016).

Cognitivism & Learning

Cognitivism & Memory

Montessori focused on allowing children to develop freely using sensory relays rather than a firm, structured lecture(Ornstein & Hunkins, 2016).

Maria Montessori

Consolidation allows the brain to link uninterrupted connections made throughout the day. Allowing students to create an emotional connection with learning, the brain will capture the information and retain it (North Shore Montessori School, 2023)

Selecting the correct stimuli to effectively trigger memory retention was key. And equally as important, relating that to a prior learning experience (Ornstein & Hunkins, 2016)

Memory & Behaviorism

Edward Thorndike (Father of Behavioral Psych)

The pupil needs to be able to master the subject matter.This group of theorists focuses on structured, step-by-step instructions (Ornstein & Hunkins, 2016).

Learning & Behaviorism

  1. Law of Readiness- is the unit ready for conduction?
  2. Law of Exercise- frequency, duration, & intensity are key
  3. Law of Effect- strong feedback strengthens the connection (Ornstein & Hunkins, 2016)

The belief is that assimilation (new experiences related to prior) and accommodation (shuffling old info for new data) promote long-term memory retention in learning (Thompson, 2017).

Constructivism & Learning

By age 2, children start to exhibit memory recall via symbolic imagery (Lukoweski & Milojevich, 2016).

Constructivism & Memory

Furthering the study, Piaget broke the theory into stages from birth to maturity (Ornstein & Hunkins, 2016).

Jean Piaget

  1. Sensorimotor (birth-2)
  2. Preoperational (age 2-7)
  3. Concrete Operations (age 7-11)
  4. Formal Operations (11 & beyond)