Want to make creations as awesome as this one?

More creations to inspire you

FIRE FIGHTER

Horizontal infographics

STEVE JOBS

Horizontal infographics

ONE MINUTE ON THE INTERNET

Horizontal infographics

SITTING BULL

Horizontal infographics

BEYONCÉ

Horizontal infographics

Transcript

Topic 1 Assignment EDU 522

  • Behaviorism
  • Cognitivism
  • Constructivism

Exploring Learning Theories

Theorist

Characteristics

Memory

Learning

Learning Theories Part 1

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, cons ectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, cons ectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, cons ectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, cons ectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet.

Behaviorism

Major Theorists:

Pavlov, Watson, Skinner, Bandura, Gagne,Thorndike

Role of the Memory

  • learn thorugh observation
  • behavior can change based on response

Characteristics

  • classical conditioning and operant memory.
  • behavior acquired through response and stimuli
  • learn from observation

  • Learning occurs when there is a reinforcement of information.
  • Students learn step by step.
  • Learning happens when there is positive reinforcement through direct instruction.

Cognitivism

Major Theorists:

Piaget, Montessori, Vygotdky

"Many, if not most, psychologists are concerned with the cognitive structures that individuals invent and use. These cognitive scientists focus on thought processes—what is happening inside a person’s head. The brain is complex, as is the process of thinking. We have developed various ways to classify thinking and the structure of human intellect." (Ornstein & Hunkins, 2016).

Role of the Memory

Focuses on how individuals process information, monitor and mangage thinking and results of thinking when related to information processing capabilities (Ornstein & Hunkins, 2016).

Characteristics

  1. Gain Attention
  2. Inform Learners of objectives
  3. Stimulate recall of prior knowledge
  4. Present content
  5. provide guidance
  6. preform and practice skills
  7. provide feedback
  8. assess performance
  9. Enhance retention and transfer

9 Events of Instruction

Constructivism

Major Theorists:

Bruner, Piaget, Dawey

  • New knowledge is buid throug prior knoledge.
  • Students construct their own knowledge based on experience and tedn to develop explanatins.

Role of the Memory

Emphasis on learner constrcuting their own learning through the new gain information." Constructivism is the theory that says learners construct knowledge rather than just passively take in information." (University of Buffalo, n.d.).

  • Learning occurs when new information is integrated with what the students have previously learned.
  • It is students centered combined with collaboration and hands-on activities.

Characteristics

  • Ornstein, A. C., & Hunkins, F. P. (2016). Curriculum: foundations, principles, and issues. (7th ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson. ISBN-13: 9780134060354
  • Northern Illinois University. Center for Innovative Teaching and Learning. https://www.niu.edu/citl/resources/guides/instructional-guide/gagnes-nine-events-of-instruction.shtml
  • Main, Paul. (2022)Structural Learning. Cognitivism Learning Theories: A Teacher Guide. https://www.structural-learning.com/post/cognitivism-learning-theories#:~:text=Cognitivists%20believe%20that%20humans%20learn,process%20rather%20than%20a%20product.
  • Cherry, Kendra. (2022). Very Well Mind. What is Behaviorism?. https://www.verywellmind.com/behavioral-psychology-4157183
  • WGU. (2020). What is Behavioral learning Theory?. https://www.wgu.edu/blog/what-behavioral-learning-theory2005.html
  • Miami University Word Press Sites. (2019). Constructivism: The Power of Prior Knowledge. https://sites.miamioh.edu/exemplary-science-teaching/2019/10/constructivism-the-power-of-prior-knowledge/
  • Mcleod, Saul. (Updated 2024). Simply Psychology. Constructivism Learning Theory & Philosophy Of Education. https://www.simplypsychology.org/constructivism.html
  • University of Buffalo. (n.d.) Office of Curriculum, Assessment and Teaching Transformation. Constructivism. https://www.buffalo.edu/catt/develop/theory/constructivism.html#title_2059630958

References