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Key Words

For Plant Science

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The science, cultivation, and production of field crops (corn, soybeans, wheat, and alfalfa

Common Misconception 1: Agronomy is the same as agriculture. There is a difference between agronomy and agriculture. Agronomy is a specific branch of agriculture that focuses on the science and technology of crop production and soil management. While agronomy is a vital component of agriculture, it is not synonymous with agriculture as a whole.


Cultivating Plants and rearing animals


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Example 1: Food Production One aspect of horticulture is focused on food production. For example, farmers who grow fruits, vegetables, and herbs on a small scale use horticultural practices. They may cultivate crops in gardens, greenhouses, or through hydroponics, which is growing plants without soil using nutrient-rich water. Example 2: Landscape Design Horticulture is also involved in landscape design and gardening. Landscape architects and gardeners use horticultural knowledge to create visually appealing and functional outdoor spaces. They select and arrange plants, considering factors like color, texture, and height, to achieve a specific aesthetic or design goal. Example 3: Nursery Operations Horticulture includes nursery operations, where plants are propagated and sold. Nurseries produce and sell various types of plants, such as trees, shrubs, and flowers. The cultivation, care, and maintenance of these plants require horticultural techniques such as grafting, pruning, and proper watering.

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Generally includes larger areas of land that are farmed with large amounts of capital (money) and less labor


Agriculture Descriptions

Crop Cultivation: Agriculturists grow crops for various purposes. For example: Field Crops: These include grains like rice, wheat, and corn, which are primary sources of food. Cash Crops: These crops, such as cotton, coffee, and tobacco, are grown for profit and trade. Horticulture: This involves cultivating vegetables, fruits, flowers, and ornamental plants for consumption or beautification.

Livestock Management: Agriculture also involves rearing and managing animals for various purposes. For instance: Dairy Farming: Cows are raised to produce milk, which is a primary source of nutrition for many people. Poultry Farming: Chickens are reared for meat and eggs, which are widely consumed globally. Apiculture: Beekeeping is another aspect of agriculture, providing honey, beeswax, and pollination services.