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Alexandra Pancu28 January 2024Professor Oh'Ranck


Impressionism was an art movement that started in the late 19th century in France during the 1860s and 1870s. It marked a significant departure from traditional artistic techniques and styles

  • Claude Monet, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Camille Pissarro, Alfred Sisley, Berthe Morisot, Armand Guillaumin, and Frédéric Bazille,
  • This artistic movement had small, thin, yet visible strokes
  • light and lighting was a huge factor
  • Embraced modernity
  • Color definition > Black lines
  • This artistic movement had small, thin, yet visible strokes

1.The First Impressionist Exhibition (1874)

The term "Impressionism" originated from Claude Monet's painting "Impression, Sunrise," which was exhibited in 1874.A group of artists, including Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Edgar Degas, and Camille Pissarro, organized the first independent exhibition to showcase their works outside of the traditional Salon system.
  • rebelled against classical subject matter
  • work that resembled what many people saw/had
  • light and color
  • depict reality
  • "plein air" - outdoor outside paintings
  • focused on light defining a moment in time


“I paint what I see and not what it pleases others to see.”

-Eduard Monet

Early Influences

  • The industrial revolution brought about significant changes in society, and artists were seeking new ways to represent the rapidly evolving world.
  • Influences from Japanese art, particularly woodblock prints, and the introduction of synthetic pigments influenced the palette of Impressionist artists.

Post Impressionism

  • Post-Impressionism, had pianters such as Paul Gaugin, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Edvard Munch, Gustav Klimt and Vincent van Gogh.
  • Post Impressionism rebeled by using the similar style but to depict untangible things
  • more symbolic, and color was not as realistic

Women were often treated such as cows

Berth Morisot

Wet Nurse, women, in the country side were scouted to breast feed so other women could have careers- 1880

1883, Young girls on Riverbank, Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Water lilies, 1 0f 250Claude Monet, 1900's

  • https://www.britannica.com/art/oil-painting
  • https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/437137
  • https://www.art.com/products/p14499013265-sa-i6739791/claude-monet-waterlilies-1916-19.htm?upi=PG6HDC0&PODConfigID=8880731
  • https://www.wikiart.org/en/pierre-auguste-renoir/young-girls-by-the-water
  • https://www.history.com/topics/art-history/impressionism
  • https://www.britannica.com/biography/Max-Liebermann
  • https://eds-p-ebscohost-com.felix.albright.edu/eds/detail/detail?vid=0&sid=4b81194a-4a75-4e53-81ef-f285c170836f%40redis&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmU%3d#AN=436199&db=nlebk
  • https://www.britannica.com/art/Impressionism-art
  • https://www.history.com/topics/art-history/impressionism