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Transcript

The affects of climate change

Bangladesh

Environmental Impact

Human Impact

Ecological & Animal Impact

Fighting Climate Change

The larger Picture

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Dewan, Camelia. Misreading the Bengal Delta : Climate Change, Development, and Livelihoods in Coastal Bangladesh. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2021. Print.

Bangladesh is a South Asian country with a population of approximately 170 million. The language and ethnicity is called Bengali, and the capital is Dhaka. As of 2023, the GDP is $445 Bn. Although Bangladesh has not contributed much towards green house gas emissions, it has been hit with climate change to a massive extent.

Islam, Md. Nazrul, and André van Amstel. Bangladesh II : Climate Change Impacts, Mitigation and Adaptation in Developing Countries. 1st ed. 2021. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2022. Web.

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Background

Enivornmental affects in Bangladesh

Climate change has definitely affected Bangladesh over the last few decades, and unfortunately the country has paid a price.In multiple lists, Bangladesh ranks among the top ten most impacted countries with climate change. Each year, Bangladesh suffers from increased natural disasters and more potent ones as well.

  • Increased cyclones in the Bangladesh Costal Zone.
  • High amounts of flash floods and floods.
  • Increased amount of monsoons and landslides.

Sea levels have also risen drastically over the past two decades, and 90% of the country is below sea level.Approximately 200 extreme weather cases have been linked to climate change in the last two decades. By 2050, it is estimated that Bangladesh will lose up to 11% of their land.

Climate Change vs. Humans

Bangladesh is home to more than 170 million people, and with more than 24% living under the poverty line, climate change is a horror for the country. Bangladesh has experienced a large urbanization sprawl, but the infastructure and planning is not safe from climate change. Bangladesh has a large amount of rivers, and flooding can be life-threatening. Economically speaking, severe weather has caused $4 Bn in damages and the loss of economic output. Furthermore, climate change greatly hurts the agriculture, fishing, and food security of the country.Many have also migrated to neighboring countries due to climate change, some 6.5 million in 2013.

  • Increased deaths related to natural disasters.
  • Less food supply and production.
  • Human displacement.
  • Contaminated drinking water.
  • Unsafe living conditions due to severe weather.

Animals and the ecosystem

Climate change has affected not only humans, but animals as well.Bengal tigers,asian elephants, crocidiles, and hares are just a fraction of the many displaced animals due to increased flooding and landslides. As a result, the ecosystem has had some inbalances but have been resolved rather quickly. In the future, some of these animals may go extinct due to the threats climate change poses.

Bangladesh's Fight Against Climate Change

There have been various strategies implemented to combat climate change along with legislations, agreements, doctrines, and policies:

  1. The Bangladesh National Adaptation Programme Action
  2. United Nations Development Program
  3. Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief
  4. Copenhagen Accord
  5. Bangladesh Climate Change Trust Fund

Fortunately, funding for Bangladesh from the United Nations and developed countries is happening, with $30 Bn in short term funding and billions more to come. Further Accords have promised $100 million in development efforts and climate change mitigation. Agreements have also been passed to reduce carbon emissions by 2030, and reduce gases up to 2%.

The bigger picture.

Countries facing similar problems:

  • Haiti - Increased flooding and sea level rising.
  • Philippines - Severe typhoons and cyclones, flooding.
  • Italy - Sea level rising.
  • Japan - Sea level and flooding, severe cyclones and floods.
  • China - Flooding and severe weather reports

Virtually, all countries are affected in some way by climate change... that's why it's important to understand it. Some countries more than other, but if we keep shifting the blame and comparing who has it worst, there is never going to be progression and aid in climate change.We must all work together to have one goal, one fight, one mission.

Countries facing climate change also have regional issues, which bordering or neighboring countries must worry about. Increased flooding, migration, asylum seekers, decreased economic output, higher mortality rate, natural disasters, displacement, and decreased production are some of the many issues that regions may face. Not only will they undeniably face these problems, but other problems emerge like foreign aid and external issues like increased sea level and more severe natural disasters. Globally, these will hurt everyone involved, not just one country. The global affects of rising sea level have already taken a toll, just imagine what 50 years will do. We've seen the increased natural disasters as well.