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Fun facts

Present time






  • It is one of the six independent Turkic states
  • Population: 6.5 million.
  • Turkmenistan has long served as a thoroughfare for several empires and cultures.
  • Merv is one of the oldest oasis-cities in Central Asia.
  • Turkmenistan possesses the world's fifth largest reserves of natural gas.
  • Most of the country is covered by the Karakum Desert.



  • In the 10th century, the name "Turkmen" was first applied to Oghuz groups that accepted Islam and began to occupy present-day Turkmenistan.
  • Prior to the Russian conquest, the Turkmen were known and feared for their involvement in the Central Asian slave trade.
  • Annexed by the Russian Empire in 1881, Turkmenistan figured prominently in the anti-Bolshevik movement in Central Asia.
  • In 1925, Turkmenistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic.
  • The Ashgabat earthquake of 1948 killed over 110,000 people, amounting to two-thirds of the city's population.



  • It became independent after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • Niyazov continued as Turkmenistan's chief of state, after the dissolution of the URSS.
  • Turkmenistan has taken a neutral position on almost all international issues.
  • Between 2002 and 2004, serious tension arose between Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan because of bilateral disputes and Niyazov's implication that Uzbekistan had a role in the 2002 assassination attempt.
  • The sudden death of Niyazov at the end of 2006 left a complete vacuum of power.



  • The politics of Turkmenistan take place in the framework of a presidential republic.
  • It is forbidden to teach the customs and language of the Baloch, an ethnic minority.
  • The country is widely criticized for its poor human rights, its treatment of minorities, and its lack of press and religious freedoms.
  • It is considered to be one of the "10 Most Censored Countries".
  • Turkmenistan is in a temperate desert zone with a dry continental climate.
  • They have a lack of tourism in the country, every traveler must obtain a visa before entering Turkmenistan.
  • Turkmen is the official language of Turkmenistan, a language that shares to some degree mutual intelligibility with Turkish.

present time


  • Muslims constitute 93% of the population while 6% of the population are followers of the Eastern Orthodox Church and the remaining 1% religion is reported as non-religious.
  • In the Soviet era, all religious beliefs were attacked by the communist authorities as superstition and "vestiges of the past."
  • President Niyazov wrote his own religious text, published in separate volumes in 2001 and 2004, entitled the Ruhnama.
  • Most Christians in Turkmenistan belong to Eastern Orthodoxy (about 5% of the population).



  • The Turkmen people have traditionally been nomads and equestrians.
  • They never really formed a coherent nation or ethnic group until they were forged into one by Joseph Stalin in the 1930s.
  • Turkmens are famous for making knotted Turkmen carpets.
  • Turkmen men wear traditional telpek or "mekan telpek" hats.
  • Newspapers and monthly magazines are published by state-controlled media outlets.
  • Holidays in Turkmenistan practiced internationally include New Year's Day, Nowruz, Eid al-Fitr, and Eid al-Adha. Turkmenistan exclusive holidays include Melon Day, Turkmen Woman's Day, and the Day of Remembrance for Saparmurat Niyazov.



  • From 1993 to 2019, citizens received government-provided electricity, water and natural gas free of charge.
  • The most popular sport in Turkmenistan is football.
  • Education is universal and mandatory through the secondary level.
  • Turkmenistan is one of the least visited countries in the world.
  • Men above the age of 70 in Turkmenistan could keep a beard.
  • The favorite dish in Turkmenistan is plov.

fun facts