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Sociocultural

Connectivism

Adult learning theory

Learning theories part 2

Explore the different learning theories by clicking the plus signs

References

The major theorist assiciated with connectivism learning theory are George Siemens and Stephen Downes.

Major Theorist

Major Characteristics

The primary characteristic of connective learning theory is that students integrate thoughts and information in a practical way. Another characteristic is that technology is an integral part of learning and that being connected consistently provides opportunities for learners to choose their learning (Western Governors University, 2021).

Through connectivism learning theory, learning occurs outside of the person and through technology platforms such as social media, online networks, blogs, or anyother informational sites. Since connectivism depends on technology, students need to be exposed to digital learning which can lead to students creating their own learning path (Western Governors University, 2021).

How Learning Occurs

Types of Learning

Types of learning used is gamification, stimulations, class social media accounts (Western Governors University, 2021).

Learning occurs when adults are involved in how the material/content is developed, conveyed, and carried out. Adults obtain knowledge when they pull their experiences into their learning (O'Neill, 2023).

How Learning Occurs

Types of Learning

The types of learning associated with adult learning theory are self-directed learning, using real-world examples, and experimentation (O'Neill, 2023).

The role of memory in adult learning theory is an mportant aspect. The ability to memorize information and details might not neccessarily be the correct way for adults to learn. Instead, adults may need to solve problems or use reasoning skills to retain information presented (O'Neill, 2023).

Role of Memory

Sociocultural learning theory believes that when it comes to young children, memory is narrowed due to biological factors. However, the theory believes that the culture the children are a part of dictates the kind of memory developed (Mcleod, 2023).

Role of Memory

Vygotsky's belief is that learning happens through exchange with others, specifically people with more knowledge (TeachThought, 2023).

How Learning Occurs

Types of Learning

The types of learning encouraged with Sociocultural learning are collaboration and cooperative learning. These learning styles happen between the children and the teacher or the child and their peers. Additionally, scaffolding and reciprocal teaching are strategies encouraged by Vygotsky ideas (Mcleod, 2023).

The prominent theorist associated with sociocultural learning theory is Lev Vygotsky.

Major Theorist

Major Characteristics

The significant characteristic of Sociocultural Learning Theory is that cultural and community factors shape cognitive development. Furthermore, Vygotsky believed that adults contribute to children's cognitive growth by interacting with them through stimulating and purposeful activities (Mcleod, 2023).

The major theorist for adult learning theory is Malcolm Knowles.

Major Theorist

Major Characteristics

The significant characteristic of adult learning is that the experiences of the adults affect their internal motivation to learn and how they learn. Additionally, adults are self-directed and collaborative (Franco, 2019).

Davis, et. al. (2008). Connectivist Learning Theory. https://learningtheories.yolasite.com/connectivism.php#:~:text=According%20to%20Davis%2C%20et%20al,transfer%20to%20new%20learning%20contexts. Franco, M.S. (2019). Instructional strategies and adult learning theories: an autoethnographic study about teaching research methods in a doctoral program. Education, 139(3), 178–185.Mcleod, S. (2023, October 24). Lev Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory of cognitive development. Simply Psychology. https://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.htmlO’Neill, E. (2023). What is adult learning theory. LearnUpon. https://www.learnupon.com/blog/adult-learning-theory/TeachThought Staff. (2023, August 17). What is Vygotsky’s sociocultural learning theory? TeachThought. https://www.teachthought.com/learning/what-is-vygotskys-sociocultural-learning-theory/ Western Governors University. (2021, May 27). Connectivism learning theory. https://www.wgu.edu/blog/connectivism-learning-theory2105.html

Connectivism learning theory believes that memory requires working patterns in the learner's network. Through connectivity, the memories are within a path of the learner's network then wait to be moved to a new learning context (Davis, et al, 2008).

The Role of Memory