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Transcript

Connectivism

Sociocultural

Adult Learning Theory

learning Theories

Sociocultural

Major Theorists:

Major Characteristics:

Role of memory:

How learning occurs:

Types of learning:

  • Lev Vygotsky
(Mcleod, 2023)

  • Scaffolding
  • Reciprocal teaching
  • Collaborative learning and practice
  • Opportunity for dialogue

  • Students must be presented with tasks that fall beyond their individual ability range as the challenge will promote maximum learning.
(Mcleod, 2023)

  • Language plays an important role in aqcuiring new information
  • Social interactions support higher levels of reasoning
  • Meaning is attached to objects, events, and experiences
(Mcleod, 2023)

  • "Cognitive development is a socially mediated process in which children aquire cultural values, beliefs, and problem solving strategies thorugh collaborative dialogue with more knowledgeable members of society".
(Mcleod, 2023)

Connectivism

Sociocultural

Adult Learning Theory

learning Theories

Connectivism

Major Theorists:

Major Characteristics:

Role of memory:

How learning occurs:

Types of learning:

  • George Siemens
  • Stephen Downes
(WGU, 2021)

  • Accepts technology as a major part of the learning process that allows individuals to make choices about their learning (WGU, 2021).

  • Promotes learning that occurs outside of the individual for example through social media or other information databases
  • Learning consists of connecting information (WGU, 2021).

  • Relies on technology and digital learning
  • Social media
  • Gamification
  • Simulations
  • Webinars

  • Students learn when they "make connections or links between various different nodes of information and they continue to make and maintain connections to form knowledge" (WGU, 2021).

Connectivism

Sociocultural

Adult Learning Theory

learning Theories

Adult Learning Theory

Major Theorists:

Major Characteristics:

Role of memory:

How learning occurs:

Types of learning:

  • Malcom Knowles
(New England Institute of Technology, 2021)

  • Self directed learning
  • Relies on background experience
  • Internal drive to learn
(New England Institute of Technology, 2021)

  • According to research, at around 25 years of age, the brain begins getting lazy and individuals must engage in activities to keep the brain busy in order to continue learning (New England Institute of Technology, 2021).

  • (____).

  • Adults learn by doing
  • information is processed through the senses
  • It is important for information to be relevant to the learner
(New England Institute of Technology, 2021)

  • Problem based learning
  • drawing on personal connections to new information
  • Project based assignments
(New England Institute of Technology, 2021)

References

Mcleod, S. 2023, October 24. Lev Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory of cognitive development. Simply Psychology. https://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html New England Institute of Technology. 2021, April 8. What is Adult Learning Theory? NEIT Blog. https://www.neit.edu/blog/what-is-adult-learning-theory WGU. 2021, May 27. Connectivism Learning Theory. WGU Blog. https://www.wgu.edu/blog/connectivism-learning-theory2105.html#:~:text=Connectivis m%20is%20a%20relatively%20new,make%20choices%20about%20our%20learning.