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Teaching Strategies

Andragogy vs Pedagogy

Andragogy Strategies

Understanding Adult Learning Theories

Cynthia R. Jackson College of Education, Grand Canyon University EDU 537: Leadership and Instructional CoachingNovember 22, 2023 Dr. Lisa Rollins

Andragogy deals with the science and ways of how adults learn. Teachers need to decide for themselves what is important, and be able to validate the information as being worthy. Also, the information needs to be useable immediately. Pedagogy is the methods, activities, and assessment techniques that teachers use to reach students. Students lack experience and rely on teachers to chose what is important to be learned. The informtion being imparted to students are suppose to benefit them later in life.

Adult learners must be invested in the learning process and understand wht makes the learning revelant to them. Some strategies to teaching adults are:

  • Provide a Flexible Learning Experience.
  • Ask for Feedback.
  • Create a Safe, Welcoming Environment.
  • Keep Learning Practical.
  • Make It Fun.

Vary the training methods by utilizing different presentation methods. Some examples would be : Role play by allowing teachers to demonstrate the concept that has been taught. Provide feedback that would accentuate the positive and redirect the negative.By utliizing these strategies the learner will stay engaged.

Malcolm Knowles' Principles of Andragogy

Malcom Knowles is an Adult Learning Theorist who describe the difference between adult and child learning. Anadragogy is the process of adult learning and pedagogy is the process by which students learn. Knowles’ definition of andragogy is that the learner is perceived to be a mature, motivated, voluntary, and equal participant in a learning relationship with afacilitator whose role is to aid the learner in the achievement of his orher primarily self-determined learning objectives (Cox, 2006).

Cox, E. (2006). An adult learning approach to coaching. Evidence based coaching handbook, 193-217.