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Find out about Canada's human and physical features such as: The Niagara Falls


Human and Physical Features



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Physical feature: Niagara Falls


Fun facts!

Niagara Falls is the second-largest waterfall in the world, after Southern Africa’s Victoria Falls. Its name comes from the word “Onguiaahra”, which when referencing the Falls, means “thundering waters”. It may also refer to the Niagara River, so in this case, it means “neck”. On a 1656 map, the falls appeared labeled as “Ongiara Sault”, the term obviously a variant of Oguiaahra. Although it lies between the United States and Canada, Niagara Falls is not “owned” by any country! There is, however, an agreed boundary that is visible on the North American map. The boundary divides the three waterfalls between the two countries. Horseshoe Falls is on the Canadian side while American and Bridal Falls are on the American side.

Niagara Falls, waterfall on the Niagara River in northeastern North America, one of the continent’s most famous spectacles. The falls lie on the border between Ontario, Canada, and New York state, U.S. For many decades the falls were an attraction for honeymooners and for such stunts as walking over the falls on a tightrope or going over them in a barrel. Increasingly, however, the appeal of the site has become its beauty and uniqueness as a physical phenomenon.The falls are in two principal parts, separated by Goat Island. The larger division, adjoining the left, or Canadian, bank, is Horseshoe Falls; its height is 188 feet (57 metres), and the length of its curving crest line is about 2,200 feet (670 metres). The American Falls, adjoining the right bank, are 190 feet (58 metres) high and 1,060 feet (320 metres) across.

What is it?

Niagara Falls

Niagara Falls is a group of three waterfalls at the southern end of Niagara Gorge, spanning the border between the province of Ontario in Canada and the state of New York in the United States. The falls are located on the Niagara River which drains Lake Erie into Lake Ontario.


Human feature: The Canadian Shield


There are mountains and dike swarms in the Canadian Shield.It’s also known as the Precambrian Shield and the Laurentian Plateau.It also has the largest Boreal Forest in the world. It is compose mainly of igneous rocks and is known to have a long history of volcanic eruptionsIn the Shield are five physiographic provinces: Laurentian Upland, James, Kazan Region, Davis, and Hudson

Canadian Shield, one of the world’s largest geologic continental shields, centred on Hudson Bay and extending for 8 million square km (3 million square miles) over eastern, central, and northwestern Canada from the Great Lakes to the Canadian Arctic and into Greenland, with small extensions into northern Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, and New York. Estimates place this Shield at 2 billion years old. It is mostly granite with a thin layer of soil.

Fun facts!

What is it?

This video describes the climate, topography and wildlife of the Canadian Shield landform region. Intended as a teaching companion for teachers and parents of primary children.


Human Feature: CN Tower


Fun facts!

The CN Tower took 40 months to build, was the world's tallest freestanding structure until 2007, features colorful nighttime illuminations, has a Glass Floor on its observation deck, houses some of the fastest elevators globally, is designed to withstand high winds and lightning strikes, serves as a broadcasting hub, offers the thrilling EdgeWalk experience, weighs around 117,910 metric tonnes, and has a massive concrete foundation extending about 15 meters below ground levelThe tower's revolving restaurant, 360 Restaurant, completes a full rotation every 72 minutes. It was once home to the world's highest wine cellar, and its construction used enough concrete to build a sidewalk that stretched 1,100 kilometers long.

The CN Tower, an iconic landmark in Toronto, stands as a testament to engineering marvels and architectural splendor. Piercing the skyline at a staggering height of 553 meters, it held the title of the world's tallest freestanding structure for over three decades. Its sleek, futuristic design is a fusion of concrete, steel, and glass, drawing millions of visitors yearly to admire the panoramic views from its observation decks. From the Glass Floor, where brave souls test their fear of heights, to the SkyPod, offering breathtaking vistas that stretch for miles across Lake Ontario and the cityscape, the CN Tower is a symbol of both innovation and awe-inspiring beauty. Its presence symbolizes Toronto's modernity while remaining an enduring emblem of Canada's architectural prowess.

What is it?

CN Tower

From the top of a building that for 34 years was ranked as the tallest building in the world. A visit within the main Pod at 346 metres (1,135 ft) as well as the outdoor observation deck. The surrounding views of Toronto was spectacular on this sunny summer day. The elevator up and down have glass door so you get a grand view going up and down (on opposite sides in this video). Views of the tower from below both daytime and nighttime as it is lit up in colorful lights.


Human feature: Royal Ontario Museum


The Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) is a museum of art, world culture and natural history in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is one of the largest museums in North America and the largest in Canada. It attracts more than one million visitors every year, making the ROM the most-visited museum in Canada. The museum is north of Queen's Park, in the University of Toronto district, with its main entrance on Bloor Street West. Museum subway station is named after the ROM and, since a 2008 renovation, is decorated to resemble the institution's collection at the platform level.

It is the largest museum in Canada and fifth largest in North America. It has more than six million things on display and over 40 galleries. It has notable collections of dinosaurs, Near Eastern and African art, East Asian art, European history, and Canadian history. The museum was founded in 1914. The ROM is located on ancestral lands of several First Nations.

Fun Facts!

What is it?

A day visit to the Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) in Toronto, Canada, includes a walking tour showing exhibits and different sections of the museum, including Whales, Dinosaurs, beginnings of life, ancient Egypt, Roman Empire, Greek, Byzantine, and Chinese empires.


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