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Comparatives and superlatives

Comparativos en español (de inferioridad y superioridad)

En español comparamos personas u objetos usando- más que- menos que

But how do they work in English?

Let's watch a video

Comparatives from the video

  • Cristiano is taller than Messi
  • Messi is younger than Cristiano

  • Tennis is more interesting than golf
  • Swimming is less dangerous than boxing

Comparatives in English


Adjetivos de una sílaba

clean → cleaner  cold → colder  small → smaller  young → younger  tall → taller


  • Cristina is younger than Joaquín
  • London is colder than Valencia

Hay que tener en cuenta que:

  • Normalmente cuando la palabra termina en consonante, duplicamos la consonante.
big → bigger hot → hotter thin → thinner
  • Si el adjetivo termina en y la cambiamos a la letra i. dry → drier

Eso no es todo

Hay algunas excepciones

Aunque estos adjetivos son monosílabos, no se añade la terminación -er

  • fun → more/less fun
  • real → more/less real
  • wrong → more/less wrong

Comparatives in English


Adjectives with two syllables

Si los adjetivos tienen dos o más sílabas, normalmente usamos more adjective than less adjective than

Examples:Borja is more bored than Joel.Lucas is less careful than Juan.

Irregular comparative forms

Let's see what you know!

Please do the exercises on your worksheet

For more practice

Comparativos en español (de igualdad)

  • tan _______ como
  • tanto/a/as/os ______como

Comparative of equality

  • as ... as
  • not as ... as

Examples- Juan is as tall as Jaime.- Cristina is as bright as Carmen.- San Francisco is no as noisy as New York. - A car is not as comfortable as a plane.

Quiz time!

Write down your answers on a piece of paper

Superlativo en español

  • el/la/los/las más ____ de
  • el/la/los/las menos _______ de

  • -ísimo/a
  • -ísimos/as

Superlative in English

Let's continue watching the video

Write down at least one example


Palabras de una sílaba


  • the ____-est

Examples:The Amazon River is the widest river in the world.Alex is the youngest member of his family.


- A las palabras que terminan en consonante se les duplica la consonante.

Example:Are hippos the biggest animals?

  • mad > maddest
  • big > biggest
  • slim > slimmest
  • hip > hippest
  • fat > fattest
  • wet > wettest


Adjetivos de una o dos sílabas que terminan en "y"

  • dry > driest
  • ugly > ugliest
  • easy > easiest
  • happy > happiest
  • lucky > luckiest
  • windy > windiest



Adjetivos de dos o más sílabas


With some 2-syllable adjectives, we can use "-est" OR "most": quiet → the quietest/most quiet clever → the cleverest/most clever narrow → the narrowest/most narrow simple → the simplest/most simple


Usually we use

- the most + adjectiveExample:- The most difficult subject...- Puma trainers are not the most expensive trainers.

Irregular superlative forms

Quiz time!

Write down your answers on a piece of paper

Please do the exercises on your worksheet

For more practice


See you next week