Want to make creations as awesome as this one?

More creations to inspire you

Transcript

Sociocultural Learning Theory

Connectivism

Adult Learning Theory

Sociocultural Learning Theory

Major Characteristics

  • Emphasizes the influence of cultural and social factors on cognitive development.
  • Learning is a social process, and individuals learn through interactions with others (Lantolf, 2015).
  • Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) is a key concept, representing the range of tasks a learner can perform with help.

Major Theorist

Lev Vygotsky

Role of Memory

  • Memory is seen as a tool that is developed through social interactions.
  • Knowledge is often externalized in cultural tools and shared practices.

How Learning Occurs

  • Learning occurs through collaboration, discussion, and shared activities.
  • More knowledgeable individuals (peers, and teachers) play a crucial role in guiding and scaffolding learning.

Types of Learning Best Explained

  • Collaborative learning, apprenticeships, and socially mediated learning experiences.

Connectivism

Major Theorist

George Siemens and Stephen Downes

Major Characteristics

Role of Memory

  • Memory is distributed across different tools, devices, and connections.
  • The ability to connect to information sources is more critical than storing information internally.

How Learning Occurs

  • Learning is a process of connecting nodes or information sources.
  • Participating in diverse online communities and networks enhances learning.

Types of Learning Best Explained

  • Online and networked learning, digital literacy, and the ability to adapt to rapidly changing information.

  • Focuses on the impact of technology on learning and knowledge acquisition.
  • Learning is distributed across networks of people and technology.
  • Emphasizes the ability to navigate and participate in information networks (Duke et al., 2013).

Adult Learning Theory

Major Characteristics

  • Recognizes the unique characteristics of adult learners.
  • Adults are self-directed and bring rich experiences into the learning environment.
  • Learning is problem- centered and immediately applicable.

Role of Memory

  • Prior experiences and knowledge are integral to adult learning.
  • Adults draw upon their memory and experiences to facilitate learning.

Major Theorist

Malcolm Knowles

Types of Learning Best Explained

  • Professional development, workplace training, and continuing education.

How Learning Occurs

  • Adults learn best when the learning is relevant to their current roles and responsibilities.
  • Self-directed learning and problem-solving are emphasized (Merriam, 2018).