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In this unit, you will learn facts about Argentina, how to apply the preterite of -er/-ir ending verbs, and how to formulate affirmative and negative statements in Spanish. You will also learn how to plan and discuss past events.



Their differences and their functions

Affirmative Negative

Click on examples and take note of the words!



Like your –ar ending verbs, when you want to talk about actions COMPLETED in the past use “el pretérito”. Add the appropriate ending to the verb’s stem. The formula is quite similar, and what’s nice is that –er and –ir ending verbs share the same formula!


El PRETÉRITO de -er/-ir

Irregular Preterit of U7L2Dar = to giveVer = to see, to watch or to viewHacer = to do or to makeIr = to goSer = to be

To conjugate these verbs, apply their stem and the irregular formula

Irregular Formula





Other Irregular Verbs

Pronouns after Prepositions

Í IMOS ISTE ISTEIS IÓ IERON * Don’t forget to add the accents. ex: Ayer comí un sándwich cubano. La semana pasada ella corrió tres millas.

Estuve Estuvimos Pude PudimosEstuviste Estuvisteis Pudiste PudisteisEstuvo Estuvieron Pudo Pudieron

U STEMAnduv*Estuv TuvPus *Pud Sup

Andar (to walk/to ride) Estar (to be) Tener (to have/to receive) Poner (to put/to set) Poder (to be able to) Saber (to know/ to find out)

Dije DijimosDijiste DijisteisDijo Dijeron

*Decir = Dij Traer = Traj Conducir = Conduj

Decir (to say/tell) Traer (to bring) Conducir (to drive)

Make sure to watch video

When a verb is preceded by NO, words that follow it must also be negative. A double negative is required in Spanish when no comes before the verb. ** No quiero nada. **Yo no quiero ningún postre. However, if a sentence begins with a negative word, such as nunca or nadie, a second negative is not needed. ** Nadie quiere postre. ** Nunca comen en casa.

The country’s name comes from the Latin word for silver, argentum, and Argentina is indeed a great source of valuable minerals. More important, however, has been Argentina’s production of livestock and cereals, for which it once ranked among the world’s wealthiest nations.

To form the irregular preterite, follow these steps:Stem + Formula Endings e imos iste isteis o ieron/eron*

The Argentine flag influenced the designs of the national flags of five Central American states (El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua), as well as that of neighbouring Uruguay. A modified version of the Argentine flag featuring slightly darker blue stripes and a redesigned sun emblem came into effect on Nov. 23, 2010.



vine vinimosviniste vinisteisvino vinieron

Hic Quis *Vin


Hacer (to do/to make) Querer (to want/to try) Venir (to come from)

What should follow a, con, por, para, dePronouns that follow prepositions are the same as the subject pronouns in all forms except Mí (yo) and Ti (tú)Mí Nosotros Ti Vosotros Usted, él, ella Ustedes, ellos *Con + mí = conmigo *Con + ti = contigo