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Beavers in Scotland

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By Mairi Jarvis

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Pick the answer you think did NOT cause beavers to go extinct

Over hunted for castoreum

Over hunted for meat

Over hunted for fur

Over hunted by predators

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Good idea but not quite it! Try again!

Which of these products doesn't use castoreum as an ingredient

Perfume

Alcohol

Food

Cleaning products

That's not right! Castoreum is commonly used in perfume as it has a distinct musk like scent to it.

That's not right! Castoreum is used in a Swedish Schnapps recipe. It is still made today but with synthetic castoreum!

Castoreum has been used as a food additive for a long time as it can add a fruity, vanilla taste. However due to the limited numbers of beavers, it is far too expensive to be used often in the food industry.

Beaver populations in Scotland today

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Knapdale

Tayside

Highlands

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1500s

2009

Today

2000

Beavers go extinct in Scotland

Beavers classed as European Protected Species

Beavers thriving in Scotland

Click on the dates to find out more!

Beavers officially reintroduced in Knapdale

2019

2017

Beavers illegally released in Inverness

Beavers suspected to have escaped from private collections start to appear in Tayside

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Glasgow Science Centre

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Protected species

catch, hurt or kill the animal

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harass the animal

disturb the animal when breeding or caring for its young

disturb the animal in its home

If an animal is a protected species it is illegal to:

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Beavers will fell certain species of trees that they prefer

Preferred species will decrease and avoided species will increase

The habitat can change dramtically from the difference in trees

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back

Deer eat young tree saplings

Beavers eat old trees

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Trees can't regrow and woodlands start to shrink

Beavers fell trees and build dams

More water habitat created with plenty of fish and amphibians

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Otters have more habitat and more animals to eat

Beavers fell trees and build dams

More water habitat created

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Newts have more habitat which is important as they are an endangered species

Beavers fell trees, build dams and lodges

Dead wood is abundant in the habitat

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Invertebrates have more habitat and food

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1600s

2009

Today

2000

Beavers go extinct in Scotland

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That's right!

Castoreum isnt used in cleaning products but has been used in all of the other options as well as historically used as a medicine

Castoreum is a liquid found in the castor sacs of beavers. Beavers use it to scent mark their territory. This should deter other beavers from entering their territory. It has historically been used in many products by humans.

What is Castoreum?

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That's right!

Beavers went extinct due to overhunting by humans not by animals!