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The Egyptian Civilization


...compare and contrast the society of Egyptian Civilization to other societies

We will ...

Introduction to Ancient Egypt

Blue Nile

White Nile

Nile Delta

The Old Kingdom period

Crownof Upper gt

The "Age of the Pyramids" is another name for the Old Kingdom period.

Periods of Ancient Egypt (c. 6000-2700 BCE)

The period of time where successive dynasties—lines of pharaohs governing within the same family—ruled over Ancient Egypt. About 3000 BCE, these dynasties truly began to rule Egypt. We are going to focus on three periods:

Unification of Egypt

Click on the icon to visit the Egyptian Museum and take a virtual tour.

Crownof Upper gt

Hieroglyphs may inform historians about practices of the Old Kingdom. A picture in hieroglyphic writing is associated with a word, or syllable.

We will examine the importance of the Nile River to the ancient Egyptian civilizatio.

Hieroglyphs: A character used in a system of pictorial writing, particularly that form used on ancient Egyptian monuments.


The ancient Egyptian civilization was one of the oldest and most advanced in history. It thrived along the Nile River over 3000 years ago. The Egyptians are famous for their monumental architecture, such as the pyramids, and their intricate hieroglyphic writing. They developed a complex society with a strong central government, skilled artisans, and a deep religious belief in the afterlife. The Egyptians also made significant contributions to mathematics, medicine, and agriculture. Their civilization left a lasting legacy that continues to captivate people around the world today.

Let's Practice...

Choose the correct word to complete de text:Before Upper and Lower Egypt became one kingdom, they were divided into nome, or ________. Each nome was controlled by a monarch, or local King.

Let's Practice...

In hieroglyphic writing, a picture represents a word, or syllable. Which image shows Egyptian hieroglyphs?

Let's Practice...

Place the following events in the ancient Egyptian Old Kingdom in the correct order:

The first Egyptian step-pyramid is designed for the Old Kingdom king Djoser

The Old Kingdom comes to an end

Upper and lower Egypt are unified into one kingdom

The Great Pyramid of Giza is built for King Khufu



Let's Practice...

Ancient Egyptians believed they needed to help a dead person to enter the afterlife. They helped the dead person by performing specific rituals. Match the ritual to the reason it was performed.

Let's Practice...

Ancient Egyptians gods were often shown in art. Imagine you are an archeologist who discovered paintings of ancient Egyptians gods. Use the descriptions of each gods or goddess to match each name to the correct drawing.

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Enabling Objectives

  • SS.6.G.1.4
Utilize tools geographers use to study the world.
  • SS.6.G.2.1
Explain how major physical characteristics, natural resources, climate, and absolute and relative locations have influenced settlement, interactions, and the economies of ancient civilizations of the world.
  • SS.6.G.2.3
Analyze the relationship of physical geography to the development of ancient river valley civilizations.
  • SS.6.E.1.2
Describe and identify traditional and command economies as they appear in different civilizations.
  • SS.6.E.2.1
Evaluate how civilizations through clans, leaders, and family groups make economic decisions for that civilization providing a framework for future city-state or nation development.
  • SS.6.E.3.1
Identify examples of mediums of exchange (currencies) used for trade (barter) for each civilization, and explain why international trade requires a system for a medium of exchange between trading both inside and among various regions.
  • SS.6.E.3.2
Categorize products that were traded among civilizations, and give examples of barriers to trade of those products.
  • SS.6.E.3.3
Describe traditional economies (Egypt, Greece, Rome, Kush) and elements of those economies that led to the rise of a merchant class and trading partners.
  • SS.6.W.1.1
Use timelines to identify chronological order of historical events.
  • SS.6.W.1.2
Identify terms (decade, century, epoch, era, millennium, BC/BCE, AD/CE) and designations of time periods.
  • SS.6.W.1.3
Interpret primary and secondary sources.
  • SS.6.W.1.4
Describe the methods of historical inquiry and how history relates to the other social sciences.
  • SS.6.W.1.6
Describe how history transmits culture and heritage and provides models of human character.
  • SS.6.W.2.4
Compare the economic, political, social, and religious institutions of ancient river civilizations.
  • SS.6.W.2.5
Summarize important achievements of Egyptian civilization.
  • SS.6.W.2.6
Determine the contributions of key figures from ancient Egypt.