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Dr. Dario Luis Banegas

Language curriculum change and sustainability

week 6






Evaluation <> Innovation

  • Complex phenomenon
  • Contextual (time- and place-sensitive)
  • Personal, group, institutional
  • Constructive & planned change
  • Renewal
  • Degrees of agency
(Markee, 2013)


Change Transform


what can we change?

(Macalister & Nation, 2020, Chapter 12)

How can we introduce change?

01 Steps

02 Features

03 Strategies

Barriers to curriculum change

- Lack of consultation- Coercive strategies- Tight timescales- Lack of (im)material resources(Wedell & Grassick, 2018)

(Zhong et al., 2019)

02 Example

(Goulah & Kantunich, 2020)

01 Example


  • Needs analysis
  • Planning
  • Engagement
  • Negotiation
  • Agency
  • Social justice

Time to recap



Connolly, M. (2015). Foreword. In G. Pickering & P. Gunashekar (Eds.), Innovation in English language teacher education: Selected papers from the fourth International Teacher Educator Conference (Hyderabad, India) (pp.7-8). British Council. Goulah, J., & Kantunich, J. (Eds.). (2020). TESOL and sustainability: English language teaching in the anthropocene era. Bloomsbury. Macalister, J., & Nation, I. (2020). Language curriculum design (2nd ed.). Routledge. Markee, N. (2013). Contexts of change. In K. Hyland & L.L.C. Wong (Eds.), Innovation and change in English language education (Kindle Edition). Routledge. Mickan, P., & Wallace, I. (Eds.). (2020). The Routledge handbook of language education curriculum design. Routledge. Tomlinson, B. (2013). Innovation in materials development. In K. Hyland & L.L.C. Wong (Eds.), Innovation and change in English language education (Kindle Edition). Routledge. Wedell, M., & Grassick, L. (Eds.). (2018). International perspectives on teachers living with curriculum change. Palgrave Macmillan. Zhong, Y., Tan, H., & Peng, Y. (2019). Curriculum 2.0 and student content-based language pedagogy. System, 84, 76-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2019.06.001

  • Student content-based language pedagogy (consumers, creators, and editors)
  • Curriculum 2.0
  • Peer, self-, and plan-based assessment

What’s the potential of learners as co-creators of content & sequencing? (Australia)

  • Temporality
  • Resources
  • Developmental capacity
  • Ecological

What does it mean?

“aims to be an improvement on what already exists.” (Tomlinson, 2013) “is part of an evolutionary process: small, forward-thinking changes that cumulatively have a big effect.” (Connolly, 2015)

Topics, projects, perspectives

  • Identity
  • Cultural practices
  • Languages
  • Post-truth (fake news)
  • Neoliberalism
  • Climate change & place (displacement)