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final presentation for psy 226, cyberbullying in adolescents


Callie Zarcone - PSY 226

Cyberbullying inAdolescents

Current Policies

Overview of Presentation

Schools' Involvement

Basics of Cyberbullying

Parental Involvement

Effects of the Harrassment

Contributing Factors


Definitions & Statistics

Basics of Cyberbullying

* anyone can fall victim to cyberbullying* adolescent boys are typically more victim to physical IRL bullying, while adolescent girls are more victim to cyberbullying

* 72% of global adolescents have reported being a victim of some form of online bullying (Landstedt, E., & Persson, 2014)* as of 2021, all 50 states in the nation have explicit anti-cyberbullying laws in place

Some Stats


Who is affected?


“bullying perpetrated with digital technology,” (Bauman, 2013, p. 249)* refers to any aggressive behavior via the internet* showcases a power imbalance between two

What is Cyberbullying?



What could cause engagement in this?

Contributing Factors

It is important to understand there is no EXCUSE for engaging in cyberbullying!

  • not educated enough to understand the consequences
  • feel there are no repercussions
  • feel as though the harassment is truly anonymous

More Likely to Engage Because:

  • internalize depression/mental health issues
  • have insecurities of their own
  • engage in order to seem 'cool' to peers

Aggressors may:


A Look Inside the Victim's World

Effects of Cyberbullying

  • academic decline
  • loss of motivation
  • loss of engagement in classes
  • loss of sleep
  • headaches, body aches
  • stress related sicknesses
  • Social Withdraw
  • Social isolation
  • Suicidal ideation (extreme cases)
  • Mental health issues
    • depression
    • anxiety

Lesser Known Effects:

Common Effects:


What is currently in effect?

Current Policies in Place

  • This act is a federal law, which all states must incorporate into their systems
  • enacted by Congress in 2000
  • expresses K-12 Schools and public libraries must filter information and resources children can access
    • in order to limit their exposure to inappropriate items
    • also includes cyberbullying or any online messaging that could result in such

Children's Internet Protection Act


  • one of many examples of individual state policies for anti-cyberbullying
    • specific to New York
  • enforces a strict supportive, friendly, environment within schools
    • provides schools free of harassment or discrimination from any student
  • states that school districts will collect, and report data that goes against this act

Dignity for All Students Act


  • Missouri, 2006
  • In Memorium of 13-year-old Megan Meier
    • resident of Chesterfield, MO
    • committed suicide due to harassing messages over electronic communication
  • created an update in Missouri harassment laws, to cover online bullying
    • texts
    • emails
    • stalking done through social media

Megan Meier act

Map from: https://www.stopbullying.gov/resources/laws

Map of Current U.S. Involvement


Prevention Strategies 1

School Involvement

  • establishing a discipline procedure and policy for those who engage in cyberbullying
    • scare factor implementation, drives students away from engaging
    • no tolerance policies = expulsion
  • creating a team with law enforcement
    • "Cybercops"
    • follows direct law-abiding procedures
  • create a safe environment for students to feel comfortable reporting instances of cyberbullying
    • have a set reporting system in place

Schools Can Prevent Cyberbullying by:


Prevention Strategies 2

Parental Involement

  • have open discussions with their kids
    • the harms of bullying
    • the discipline that comes with it
  • have certain access to their children's devices
    • maintain a 'family computer'
    • share passwords
  • PTA teaming with law enforcement
    • establishes a direct connection in order to proceed with aggressors, correctly
  • become educated and support their children
    • CRUCIAL for adolescents to have a support system when dealing with this issue
    • allows for a stronger parent-child bond

Parents CAN get involved by:

STOP BULLYING NOW HOTLINE (USA): 1-800-273-8255 NATIONAL SUICIDE PREVENTION LIFELINE (USA) 1-800-273-8255National Bullying Prevention Center ONLINE: https://www.pacer.org/bullying/info/cyberbullying/Further Educational Resources can be found on:https://internetsafety101.org/cyberbullyingresources

Cyberbullying Resources

References:Bauman, S. (2013). Cyberbullying: What Does Research Tell Us? Theory Into Practice, 52(4),249–256. Retrieved October 9, 2023, from, http://www.jstor.org/stable/43893893Beale, A. V., & Hall, K. R. (2007). Cyberbullying: What School Administrators (And Parents)Can Do. The Clearing House, 81(1), 8–12. Retrieved October 10, 2023, from, http://www.jstor.org/stable/30189945Landstedt, E., & Persson, S. (2014). Bullying, cyberbullying, and mental health in youngpeople. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 42(4), 393–399. Retrieved October 11, 2023, from, http://www.jstor.org/stable/45150813Thomas, H. J., et all (2015). Integrating Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying: Challenges ofDefinition and Measurement in Adolescents - a Review. Educational Psychology Review, 27(1), 135–152. Retrieved October 11, 2023, from, http://www.jstor.org/stable/43548454

THANK YOU!Any Questions?