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Veronica Moreno

Curriculum Design Theories

5 References

Introduction

Subject-centered

Problem-centered

Learner-centered

Curriculum Design Theories Presentation

4 Brief summary of each design approach:

3 Explanation of curriculum design models

2 Summary of curriculum design theory

1 Overview Curriculum Design Process

Index

As new teacher, one of our primary roles is ensuring students' engagement with great strategies. Familiarity with different curriculum models is crucial to serving our student population best. Every day, teachers face many classroom situations; therefore, it is imperative to be equipped with different strategies, theories, methods, and models to successfully construct a curriculum that promotes student engagement with the learning process. This presentation is about Curriculum Design Theories; it includes different models that may be adopted in your future classes based on experiences, ideas, and values that align with our students' population needs and provide meaningful information using the most suitable approach (Teachmint, 2022).

Curriculum Design Theories Presentation

Introduction

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  • The curriculum design process is based on the influence of cultural, social, economic, and physical environmental aspects.
  • These aspects must be studied before design to understand the interactions between curriculum and institutions and government and ensure student employment (Button, 2021) .
  • Higher education private institutions must do research before starting the curriculum design process.
  • Analysis is essential in justifying the need for the new curriculum or improving existing ones.
  • The analysis process must also consider government projections of curriculum-related employment (O'Neill, 2015).
  • The curriculum must abide by state, district, and board requirements.
  • The curriculum development stage is based on reliable evidence.

Overview Curriculum Design Process

01

  • The process sequentially arranges and connects courses of instruction that focus on developing student skills.
  • Goals, objectives, learning materials, activities, and assessments are important elements of the learning process that shape student behavior (Ark, 2017).
  • Different designs may be used to meet students’ needs. Subject-centered, learner-centered, and problem-centered are the three main curriculum design models.
  • The curriculum design process encompasses educational activities that support student academic outcomes.
  • Designers should follow several steps such as determining purpose, mapping the curriculum, identifying the desired outcomes, arranging content, setting up delivery, producing materials and making changes, adaptations and improvements.
  • The last step is critical to keep curriculum up-to-date with the standards of the industry, programs and policies and consequently have well-prepared students. Review, adjustments, and improvements are critical to keep the curriculum up-to-date and achieve the best student outcomes (Sharma, 2023).

Overview Curriculum Design Process

01

  • The curriculum design theory sets the desired curriculum and learning environment framework.
  • Educational specialists and curriculum theorists use different approaches and rules to create a design that meets student, teacher, and school goals.
  • In the curriculum design theory, there is no right or wrong regarding what learning process should be used.
  • The point is to establish a systematic and sequential process that benefits the students.
  • This process is considered a vital research topic for curriculum specialists.
  • The curriculum design theory helps students achieve program goals and objectives through different learning methods.
  • Curriculum assessment and pertinent changes improve the learning experience of the students (Yasar & Aslan, 2021).

Summary of curriculum design theory

02

subject-centered

  • Design models are part of the curriculum development process.
  • Educators must consider students' needs and learning goals during the curriculum design process (UOSD, n.d.).
  • The principal design models are subject-centered, learner-centered, and problem-centered.
  • The model to be used depends on aspects such as the number of students in a class, the focus of the model, and the best approach to highlight concepts and educational challenges.
  • Experienced teachers adapt or combine different design models according to the curriculum and class environment (Indeed, 2023).

Explanation of curriculum design models

03

Subject-centered

Learner-centered

Problem-centered

Brief summary of each design approach

learner-centered

  • The Subject-Centered Model focuses on the subject area.
  • Teachers provide students with comprehensive information and materials to understand the topic.
  • It is the most widely used model in the U.S. and other countries.
  • The curriculum is designed so that different teachers teach different subjects.
  • Curriculum development is easier since content, books, and materials are aligned with the subject area.
  • This model does not focus on individual student needs, which may eventually affect student performance (Button, 2021).

Subject-Centered Model

learner-centered

  • The Learner-Centered Model prioritizes student's needs, interests, and the development of new skills.
  • Students can manage their learning pace and outcomes.
  • The model develops students' collaboration skills.
  • Students are responsible for their own learning.
  • The teacher facilitates collaborative areas, learning experiences, and prompt feedback (L&D, 2023).

Learner-Centered Model

problm-centered

  • The Problem-Centered Model has similarities with the Learner-Centered Model.
  • It targets student learning areas that need improvement.
  • Teaching and learning focus on real problems.
  • It fosters students' motivation, deep understanding, and engagement with the topic.
  • This model demands the use of critical thinking to solve problems (Indeed, 2023).

Problem-Centered Model

Ark, T. (2017). What is Curriculum? From Managed Instruction to Personalized Learning. EdW. https://www.edweek.org/technology/opinion-what-i-curriculum-from-managed-instruction-to-personalized-learning/2017/01Button, L. (2021). Curriculum Essentials: A Journey. PressBook. https://oer.pressbooks.pub/curriculumessentials/Chauhan, D. (2023). Problem-centered curriculum design for engaged learning. LinkedIn. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/problem-centred-curriculum-design-engaged-learning-dr-dinesh-chauhanIndeed. (2023). Curriculum Design: Definition, Types and Best Practices. Indeed.com. https://www.indeed.com/career-advice/career-development/what-is-curriculum-designL&D. (2023). What is a learner-centered approach? Principles, benefits, and LMS implementation. Samelane. https://samelane.com/blog/learner-centered/O’neill, G. (2015). Curriculum design in higher education: Theory to practice. Dublin: UCD Teaching & Learning. https://researchrepository.ucd.ie/rest/bitstreams/20093/retrieveSharma, N. (2023). 7 Steps Of Curriculum Design: How To Design Your Curriculum. HurixDigital. https://www.hurix.com/steps-of-curriculum-design-how-to-design-your-curriculum/#:~:text=A%20curriculum%20design%20is%20used,meet%20the%20school's%20teaching%20standards.ThoughtCo. (n.d.). Curriculum Design: Definition, Purpose and Types. https://www.thoughtco.com/curriculum-design-definition-4154176UOSD. (n.d.). Curriculum Design Explained + 5 Tips for Educators. University of San Diego. https://pce.sandiego.edu/curriculum-design-explained-5-tips-for-educators/Yasar, G. & Aslan, B. (2021). Curriculum theory: A review study. Department of Education. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1329243.pdf

References