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Pearl Harbor & The Home Front

ALLIES

Axis Powers

U.S. Joins the War

Hitler preemptively declares war on the U.S. on December 11, 1941 - saving Roosevelt from having to make a tough decision.

Soviet UnionGreat BritainUnited States

GermanyJapanItaly

U.S. At Home During the War

Airplane Production

Aircraft Production by Country WWII

The United States outproduced the world in aircraft production.

The Manhattan Project is the name for the secret plan to produce a nuclear weapon by the United States. It was led by scientists.

6 Airfcraft Carriers420 planes (353 were launched)Midget submarines

Japanese Fleet Sneeks In

Could it have been prevented?

  • On December 6, 1941, the U.S. intercepted a Japanese message that inquired about shipmovements and berthing positions at Pearl Harbor.
  • The cryptologist gave the message to her superior who said he would get back to her on Monday, December 8.
  • On Sunday, December 7, a radar operator on Oahu saw a large group of airplanes on his screen heading toward theisland. He called his superior who told him it was probably a group of U.S. B-17 bombers and not to worry about it.

The Japanese Fleet was able to sneak into the waters near Hawaii. This attack was planned by Admiral Yamamoto. "I fear all we may have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve"

Inglewood, California

North American Aviation

  • P-51 Mustang Fighters.
  • B-25 Bombers.
Both important aircraft and used all over the world. Mustangs helped escort bombers in Europe to their targets.

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  • Japan Decides to Strike First - December 7, 1941
  • Aims to wipe out the U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor, HI
  • The attacked killed 2,403 U.S. personnel and destroyed or damaged 19 U.S. Navy Ships, including 8 battleships.

Rosie the Riveter! Symbol of the American working women during World War II. Used to motivate and inspire other women to join the war effort - which they did. Forever changing how women were viewed in society and the "typical" jobs they would have.

The Manhattan Project combined scientists, the military, and everyday citizens to create the atomic bomb. It would forever change the world & bring about other finds like nuclear power.

Tule Lake was the largest of the Japanese Internment Camps. Here is a first hand account of what it was like to go through this time period as a Japanese American.

  • They were given a weeks notice.
  • Born out of fear of espionage and sabotage in 1942.
  • A 1982 congressional report said the incarcerations were due to "race prejudice, war hysteria and a failure of poltical leadership.

Anyone of Japanese ancestery in this region was imprisoned.

Exclusion Zone

Over 120,000 Japenses Americans from this region were moved to camps. 2/3 were born in the U.S.

This map shows the sites in the United States where destroyers and other ships were built. Imagine how many people it would take to staff these operations all day.

U.S. Shipbuilding

Liberty Ships

  • Destroyers, aircraft carriers, submarines.
  • Liberty ships transported Lend Lease cargo all over the world and were vital to the are effort. .

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  • Heavy Bomber.
  • Strategic Bombing .
  • Over 12,000 were produced.
  • Used in Europe and the Pacific.

Built by Boeing

B-17 Flying Fortress

Seattle, Washington

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Inglewood, California

North American Aviation

  • P-51 Mustang Fighters.
  • B-25 Bombers.
Both important aircraft and used all over the world. Mustangs helped escort bombers in Europe to their targets.

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Williow Run Ford Plant- B-24 Liberator - Employed more thatn 40,000 people. Built 8600 airplanes