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Transcript

Mr. Mitra is going to introduce the meaning now. And this is where Mr. Mitra’s preparation pays off. He has prepared a student-friendly definition of the word!

Step 2: Introduce the Meaning

What does behavior mean? Behavior is the things that a person or an animal does. So, when we go to the zoo, we want to watch the animals’ behavior – what the animals do. What does behavior mean again? It’s the things that a person or an animal does.

Step 2: Introduce the Meaning

Student-Friendly Definition

Step 2: Introduce the Meaning

For instructing other words on his list, Mr. Mitra may use some other techniques to tell the students what the new word means. Let’s look two of his options: using morphological anlaysis and cognates.

I can ask my students if they know any other words like behavior and I may hear behave. Hmm...I might have more luck using this technique with a word like adaptation that features a root word and a suffix -ation which turns a verb into a noun.

Step 2: Introduce the Meaning

Morphological Analysis

Step 2: Introduce the Meaning

Knowing how to derive the meaning of a new word by analyzing its parts is an essential skill for all learners as they encounter progressively difficult texts throughout their academic careers. Studies often found that both MLs and their monolingual peers benefit from learning and using this practice both in the classroom and on their own (Ajayi, 2014; McKeown et al., 2018; Silverman et al., 2013).

Hmm... I wouldn’t have much luck with behavior – it doesn’t have a cognate in many languages my MLs know. But I may be able to easily elicit camuflaje or hábitat if these are words my Spanish-speaking MLs have encountered before.

Step 2: Introduce the Meaning

Using Cognates

Step 2: Introduce the Meaning

Using cognates (words that have a similar spelling, meaning, and pronunciation in two languages) to teach new vocabulary can be particularly helpful if they exist in an ML’s L1. By using a cognate, a teacher can connect new information to a learner’s prior knowledge, focus on important sound differences between the two languages, and further involve MLs in the classroom dialogue.