FLOWERS AND PLANTS PRESENTATION
Created on October 10, 2023
Six pack of psychology brilliance
6. Edward Tolman
5. John Watson
4. John Garcia
3. Edward Thorndike
2. Robert Rescorla
1. Albert Bandura
- Bandura is known for his social learning theory, the concept of self-efficacy
- Conducted the famous bobo doll experiment which displayed the effects of watching violence
- His experiments really helped with the psychology idea of observation and imitation
- He was inspired by Robert Sears experiment with ancestry and social behavior
- States the most effective way to learn is through experiences
Albert Bandura is a psychologist who made significant contributions to the field of psychology. He is best known for his social learning theory, which emphasizes the role of observational learning and modeling in human behavior. According to this theory, people can learn by observing the actions and outcomes of others.
- He specialized in the congnitive processes in classical confitioning
- One of Rescorla's significant contributions to psychology, with co-creator Allan Wagner, was the Rescorla-Wagner Model of conditioning. This model expanded knowledge on learning processes.
- Determined if a behavior would happen based on different stimuli
- Provided a bridge between behaviorism
- His most famous study is the the 'truly random control' procedure
- His equation is used to see how much learning will happen on each trial.
Rescorla is best known for his research on the "Rescorla-Wagner model," which is a theory of classical conditioning that explains how organisms learn to associate stimuli with outcomes. His many experiments provided valuable information about behavior and learning
- Best known for the Law of Effect
- Along with the Law of Effect he also made two other laws the Law of Readiness and the Law of Exercise,
- He was the first to apply psychological principles to the area of learning.
- In Thorndike's puzzle box, animals were given a reward if they could get out of a special cage that required three steps to escape. When they went back into the cage, the animals knew the way, provinh they had learned how to get out of the cage.Nunc sed natoque cursus tellus
- Came to the conclusion that behavior is influnced by rewards and punishments
Edward Thorndike was an influential American psychologist and educational pioneer known for his significant contributions to the field of psychology, particularly in the areas of learning and behaviorism. He is best known for his work on "trial-and-error learning" and the "law of effect."
- The Garcia Effect is an aversion or distaste for a particular taste or smell that was associated with a negative reaction Adipiscing elit neque ante
- A classic experiment by John Garcia in the 1960s demonstrated that a rat would associate a taste, but not a light or sound, with illness.
- His theory proved to be an exception to the long-accepted theories of classical conditioning
- Brought the idea that survival traits play a role in behavior
- Taste aversion
- Conducted the most famous research in psychology that related to classical conditioning.
Even though Garcia's research on taste aversion learning challenged some traditional ideas in behavioral psychology. His work in the field of learning and conditioning has had a significant impact on the understanding of how organisms develop associations and the factors that influence these associations.
- Watson is famous for having founded classical behaviourism
- He believed strongly that a child's environment is the factor that shapes behaviors over their genetic makeup or natural temperament.
- Watson published his groundbreaking article on behaviorism in 1913, “Psychology as the Behaviorist Views ItNunc sed natoque cursus tellus
- One of the fathers of behaviorism (goes with Pavlov)
- His work is currently used in behavioral and cognitive-behavioral therapies, in classroom settings, and in child-rearing.
- Conducted the "Little Albert" experiment
John B. Watson was an American psychologist and one of the most influential figures in the early development of behaviorism, a school of psychology that emphasized observable behavior and the rejection of the study of mental processes. He is often referred to as the "father of behaviorism."
- His theory of latent learning suggests that learning occurs even if no reinforcement is offered.
- Latent learning is not necessarily apparent at the time, but that appears later in situations where it is needed.
- Tolman believed individuals do more than merely respond to stimuli; they act on beliefs, attitudes, changing conditions, and they strive toward goals
- Tolman is virtually the only behaviorists who found the stimulus-response theory unacceptable
- In his 1948 paper "Cognitive Maps in Rats and Men", Tolman introduced the concept of a cognitive map
- Tolman was often criticized for lack of specific explanations of the central mediation of cognitive learning, but he offered a fresh new perspective.
He is best known for his work on purposive behaviorism and cognitive maps.T olman's theory of purposive behaviorism challenged the prevailing behaviorist views of his time, which focused solely on observable behaviors. Regardliss of this, he created new ideas in the behavior branch